Thermodynamics is undoubtedly one of the most successful physical theories, accurately describing a plethora of situations and phenomena. Until not too long ago, the study of thermodynamic state transformations was mostly confined to the realm of classical physics, which constitutes a most meaningful approach when considering macroscopic situations. Progress on the precisely controlled manipulation of systems at the nano-scale or at the level of single atoms, however, has pushed the frontier of the applicability of thermodynamic notions to the realm of quantum physics. Indeed, the emergent research field of quantum thermodynamics is concerned with thermodynamics in the quantum regime, a regime in which coherence, strong interactions, and entanglement are expected to play a significant role.
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