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2011: Dual photochemistry of anthracene-9,10-endoperoxide studied by femtosecond spectroscopy

Lauer, A; Dobryakov, AL; Kovalenko, SA; Fidder, H; Heyne, K


The dual photochemistry of anthracene-9,10-endoperoxide (APO) was investigated in a fs UV pump-supercontinuum probe experiment, along with anthracene (AC) and anthraquinone (AQ) for comparison. Excitation of APO at 282 nm leads to 100% product formation by two competing photoreaction channels. Cycloreversion generates with a similar to 25% quantum yield (QY) O2 and AC vibrationally excited in the singlet electronic ground state (hot AC). 1-2% of the AC is generated in the lowest triplet state, but no AC is generated in electronically excited singlet states. Generation and cooling of hot AC are modeled using solution phase and broadened gas-phase AC absorption spectra at various temperatures. Results indicate ultrafast generation of hot AC within 3 ps, much faster than reported before for derivatives of anthracene endoperoxide, and subsequent cooling with an 18 ps time constant. The homolytic O-O cleavage pathway generates a biradical, which converts into electronically excited diepoxide (DE). Our data indicate a 1.5 ps time constant that we tentatively assign to the biradical decay and DE formation. Cooling of DE in this electronically excited state takes place with a similar to 21 ps time constant. Excitation of AQ at 266 nm is followed by an ultrafast population of the T1(np*) triplet state of AQ with a time constant of (160 ± 60) fs.


DOI 10.1039/c0cp02218gp