+1985-1989, 1990-1999, 2000-2009


2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017


  • Christopher Engelhard, Ralph P. Diensthuber, Andreas Möglich, Robert Bittl.
    Blue-light reception through quaternary transitions.
    Scientific Reports, in press, 2017.
  • Daniel Nohr, Bernd Paulus, Ryan Rodriguez, Asako Okafuji, Robert Bittl, Erik Schleicher, and Stefan Weber.
    Excited-state Distance Determination in Light-active Proteins and its Implication for Biological Magnetoreception.
    Angewandte Chemie Int. Ed., in press, 2017.
  • Silke B. Lohan, Siavash Saeidpour, Agnieszka Solik, Sabine Schanzer, Heike Richter, Pin Dong, Maxim E. Darvin, Roland Bodmeier, Alexa Patzelt, Gaith Zoubari, Michael Unbehauen, Rainer Haag, Jürgen Lademann, Christian Teutloff, Robert Bittl, Martina C. Meinke.
    Investigation of the cutaneous penetration behavior of dexamethasone loaded to nano-sized lipid particles by EPR spectroscopy, and confocal Raman and laser scanning microscopy.
    European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics, in press, 2017.
  • S. Saeidpour, S.B. Lohan, M. Anske, M. Unbehauen, E. Fleige, R. Haag, M.C. Meinke, R. Bittl, M.C. Meinke, C. Teutloff.
    Localization of dexamethasone within dendritic core-multishell (CMS) nanoparticles and skin penetration properties studied by multi-frequency electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy (EPR).
    European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics, in press, 2017.
  • Robert Steyrleuthner, Yuexing Zhang, Lei Zhang, Felix Kraffert, Benjamin P. Cherniawski, Robert Bittl, Alejandro L. Briseno, Jean-Luc Bredas, Jan Behrends.
    Impact of morphology on polaron delocalization in a semicrystalline conjugated polymer.
    Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 19:3627-3639, 2017.
  • Philipp Consentius, Bernhard Loll, Ulrich Gohlke, Claudia Alings, Carsten Müller, Robert Müller, Christian Teutloff, Udo Heinemann, Martin Kaupp, Markus C. Wahl, and Thomas Risse.
    Internal Dynamics of the 3-Pyrroline-N-Oxide Ring in Spin-Labeled Proteins.
    J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 8:1113−1117, 2017.
  • Siavash Saeidpour, Silke B. Lohan, Agnieszka Solik, Victoria Paul, Roland Bodmeier, Gaith Zoubari, Robert Bittl, Martina C. Meinke, Christian Teutloff.
    Drug Distribution in Nanostructured Lipid Particles.
    European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmacutics, 110:19-23, 2017.
  • Leah R.Weiss, Sam L. Bayliss, Felix Kraffert, Karl J. Thorley, John E. Anthony, Robert Bittl, Richard H. Friend, Akshay Rao, Neil C. Greenham and Jan Behrends.
    Strongly exchange-coupled triplet pairs in an organic semiconductor.
    Nature Physics 13:176-181, 2017.


  • P. Schwach, M. Eichelbaum, R. Schlögl, T. Risse, K.-P. Dinse.
    Evidence for Exchange Coupled Electrons and Holes in MgO after Oxidative Activation of CH4: A Multifrequency Transient Nutation EPR Study.
    J. Phys. Chem. C 120:3781-3790, 2016.
  • Bálint Náfrádi, Mohammad Choucair, Klaus-Peter Dinse, and László Forró.
    Room temperature manipulation of long lifetime spins in metallic-like carbon nanospheres.
    Nature Communications, 7:12232, 2016.
  • Christoph Meier, Christian Teutloff, Jan Behrends, Robert Bittl, Oleksandr Astahkhov, and Klaus Lips.
    Triplet excitons as sensitive spin probes for structure analysis of extended defects in microcrystalline silicon.
    Phys. Rev. B, 94:045302, 2016.
  • Oleksandr Astakhov, Lihong Xiao, Friedhelm Finger, Tao Chen, Matthias Fehr, Benjamin George, Alexander Schnegg, Klaus Lips, Christian Teutloff.
    Multifrequency EPR study of HWCVD μc-SiC:H for photovoltaic applications.
    Phys. Status Solidi A 213:7, 1747–1750, 2016.
  • S.B. Lohan, N. Icken, C. Teutloff, S. Saeidpour, R. Bittl, J. Lademann, E. Fleige, R. Haag, S.F. Haag, M.C. Meinke.
    Investigation of cutaneous penetration properties of stearic acid loaded to dendritic core-multi-shell (CMS) nanocarriers.
    International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 501:271-277, 2016.


      • Estella F. Yee, Ralph P. Diensthuber, Anand T. Vaidya, Peter P. Borbat, Christopher Engelhard, Jack H. Freed, Robert Bittl, Andreas Möglich, Brian R. Crane.
        Signal transduction in light–oxygen–voltage receptors lacking the adduct-forming cysteine residue.
        Nature Communications, 6:10079, 2015.
      • Julia Löwenstein, Lars Lauterbach, Christian Teutloff, Oliver Lenz, Robert Bittl.
        Active Site of the NAD+-Reducing Hydrogenase from Ralstonia eutropha Studied by EPR Spectroscopy.
        J. Phys. Chem. B, 119(43):13834-13841, 2015.
      • Aaron Hahn, Christopher Engelhard, Stefan Reschke, Christian Teutloff, Robert Bittl, Silke Leimkühler, Thomas Risse.
        Structural insights into the incorporation of the Mo cofactor into sulfite oxidase from site directed spin labeling.
        Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 54:1-6, 2015.
      • Felix Kraffert, Robert Steyrleuthner, Christoph Meier, Robert Bittl, and Jan Behrends.
        Transient Electrically Detected Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy applied to Organic Solar Cells.
        Appl. Phys. Lett., 107:043302, 2015.


      • Richard Brosi, Robert Bittl, Christopher Engelhard.
        EPR on Flavoproteins.
        In: Stefan Weber, Erik Schleicher (Eds.), Flavins and Flavoproteins, in: Methods in Molecular Biology, 1146:341-360, Springer 2014.
      • Felix Kraffert, Robert Steyrleuthner, Steve Albrecht, Dieter Neher, Markus C. Scharber, Robert Bittl, Jan Behrends.
        Charge Separation in PCPDTBT:PCBM Blends from an EPR Perspective.
        Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 118(49):28482-28493, 2014.
      • Christopher Engelhard, Xuecong Wang, David Robles, Julia Moldt, Lars-Oliver Essen, Alfred Batschauer, Robert Bittl, Margaret Ahmad.
        Cellular metabolites enhance light sensitivity through alternate electron transfer pathways in Arabidopsis cryptochrome.
        The Plant Cell, 26(11):4519-4513, 2014.
      • Christoph Meier, Christian Teutloff, Oleksandr Astakhov, Friedhelm Finger, Robert Bittl, Jan Behrends.
        Electrically Detected HYSCORE on Conduction Band Tail States in 29Si-Enriched Microcrystalline Silicon.
        Applied Magnetic Resonance, 45(10):1075-1086, 2014.
      • Johannes Fritsch, Elisabeth Siebert, Jacqueline Priebe, Ingo Zebger, Friedhelm Lendzian, Christian Teutloff, Bärbel Friedrich, and Oliver Lenz.
        Rubredoxin-related Maturation Factor Guarantees Metal Cofactor Integrity during Aerobic Biosynthesis of Membrane-bound [NiFe] Hydrogenase.
        J. Biol. Chem. 289:7982-7993, 2014.
      • M. Schubert, B. A. Collins, H. Mangold, I. A. Howard, W. Schindler, K. Vandewal, S. Roland, J. Behrends, F. Kraffert, R. Steyrleuthner, Z. Chen, K. Fostiropoulos, R. Bittl, A. Salleo, A. Facchetti, F. Laquai, H.W. Ade, D. Neher.
        Correlated Donor/Acceptor Crystal Orientation Controls Photocurrent Generation in All-Polymer Solar Cells.
        Advanced Functional Materials, 24(26):4068-4081, 2014.
      • Ralph P. Diensthuber, Christopher Engelhard, Nora Lemke, Tobias Gleichmann, Robert Ohlendorf, Robert Bittl, and Andreas Möglich.
        Biophysical, Mutational, and Functional Investigation of the Chromophore-Binding Pocket of Light-Oxygen-Voltage Photoreceptors.
        ACS Synthetic Biology, 3:811−819, 2014.
      • Stefan Frielingsdorf, Johannes Fritsch, Andrea Schmidt, Mathias Hammer, Julia Löwenstein, Elisabeth Siebert, Vladimir Pelmenschikov, Tina Jaenicke, Jacqueline Kalms, Yvonne Rippers, Friedhelm Lendzian, Ingo Zebger, Christian Teutloff, Martin Kaupp, Robert Bittl, Peter Hildebrandt, Bärbel Friedrich, Oliver Lenz, Patrick Scheerer.
        Reversible [4Fe-3S] cluster morphing in an O2-tolerant [NiFe] hydrogenase.
        Nature Chemical Biology, 10:378-385, 2014.
      • Jana B. Nieder, Martin Hussels, Robert Bittl, Marc Brecht.
        Effect of TMAO and betaine on the energy landscape of photosystem I.
        Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 1837(6):849-856, 2014.
      • M. Fehr, A. Schnegg, B. Rech, O. Astakhov, F. Finger, R. Bittl, C. Teutloff, and K. Lips.
        Metastable Defect Formation at Microvoids Identified as a Source of Light-Induced Degradation in a-Si∶H.
        Physical Review Letters, 112:066403, 2014.


      • Jana B. Nieder, Emina A. Stojkovic, Keith Moffat, Katrina T. Forest, Tilman Lamparter, Robert Bittl, and John T. M. Kennis.
        Pigment-Protein Interactions in Phytochromes Probed by Fluorescence Line Narrowing Spectroscopy.
        Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 117(48):14940-14950, 2013.
      • Nils Krause, Christopher Engelhard, Joachim Heberle, Ramona Schlesinger, Robert Bittl.
        Structural differences between the closed and open states of channelrhodopsin-2 as observed by EPR spectroscopy.
        FEBS Letters, 587(20):3309-3313, 2013.
      • Konrad Klein, Benedikt Hauer, Benedikt Stoib, Markus Trautwein, Sonja Matich, Hans Huebl, Oleksandr Astakhov, Friedhelm Finger, Robert Bittl, Martin Stutzmann, and Martin S. Brandt.
        The electrically detected magnetic resonance microscope: Combining conductive atomic force microscopy with electrically detected magnetic resonance.
        Review of Scientific Instruments 84(10):103911, 2013.
      • Christoph Meier, Jan Behrends, Robert Bittl.
        Electrical detection of Rabi oscillations in microcrystalline silicon thin-film solar-cells.
        Molecular Physics, 111(18-19):2683-2689, 2013.
      • Joscha Nehrkorn, Berta M. Martins, Karsten Holldack, Stefan Stoll, Holger Dobbek, Robert Bittl, Alexander Schnegg.
        Zero field Splittings in metHb with aquo and fluoro ligands: a FD-FT THz-EPR Study.
        Molecular Physics, 111(18-19):2696-2707, 2013.
      • Christoph Meier, Jan Behrends, Christian Teutloff, Oleksandr Astakhov, Alexander Schnegg, Klaus Lips, Robert Bittl.
        Multi-frequency EDMR applied to microcrystalline thin-film silicon solar cells.
        Journal of Magnetic Resonance, 234:1-9, 2013.
      • Christopher Engelhard, Sarah Raffelberg, Yifen Tang, Ralph P. Diensthuber, Andreas Möglich, Aba Losi, Wolfgang Gärtner, and Robert Bittl.
        A structural model for the full-length blue light-sensing protein YtvA from Bacillus subtilis, based on EPR spectroscopy.
        Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences, 12(10), 1855-1863, 2013.
      • Thomas Barends, Richard Brosi, Andrea Steinmetz, Anna Scherer, Elisabeth Hartmann, Jessica Eschenbach, Thorsten Lorenz, Ralf Seidel, Robert Shoeman, Sabine Zimmermann, Robert Bittl, Ilme Schlichting and Jochen Reinstein.
        Combining Crystallography and EPR: Crystal- and Solution Structures of the Multidomain Cochaperone DnaJ.
        Acta Crystallographica Section D, 69:1540-1552, 2013.
      • Vera Herbel, Christian Orth, Ringo Wenzel, Margaret Ahmad, Robert Bittl, Alfred Batschauer.
        Life-times of Arabidopsis cryptochrome signaling states in vivo.
        The Plant Journal, 74:583-592, 2013.


      • A. Dinse, C. Carrero, A. Ozarowski, R. Schomäcker, R. Schlögl, and K.-P. Dinse.
        Characterization and Quantification of Reduced Sites on Supported Vanadium Oxide Catalysts using High-Frequency EPR.
        ChemCatChem. 4:641-652, 2012.
      • U. Simon, S. Arndt, T. Otremba, T. Schlingmann, O. Görke, K.-P. Dinse, R. Schomäcker, H. Schubert.
        Li/MgO with spin sensors as catalyst for the oxidative coupling of methane.
        Catalysis Commun. 18:132-136, 2012.
      • A. Schnegg, J. Behrends, M. Fehr, and K. Lips.
        Pulsed electrically detected magnetic resonance for thin film silicon and organic solar cells.
        Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14:14418-14438, 2012.
      • S. Burney, R. Wenzel, T. Kottke, T. Roussel, N. Hoang, J.-P. Bouly, R. Bittl, J. Heberle, M. Ahmad.
        Single Amino Acid Substitution Reveals Latent Photolyase Activity in Arabidopsis cry1.
        Angewandte Chemie Int. Ed., 51(37):9356-9360, 2012.
      • F. Hoehne, L. Dreher, J. Behrends, M. Fehr, H. Huebl, K. Lips, A. Schnegg, M. Suckert, M. Stutzmann and M. S. Brandt.
        Lock-in detection for pulsed electrically detected magnetic resonance.
        Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83:043907, 2012.
      • J. Behrends, A. Sperlich, A. Schnegg, T. Biskup, C. Teutloff, K. Lips, V. Dyakonov and R. Bittl.
        Direct detection of photoinduced charge transfer complexes in polymer fullerene blends.
        Phys. Rev. B 85:125206, 2012.
      • T. Hartmann, M. Terao, E. Garattini, C. Teutloff, C. Alfaro, J.F., J.P. Jones, S. Leimkühler.
        The Impact of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms on Human Aldehyde Oxidase.
        Drug Metabolism and Disposition 40(5):856-864, 2012.
      • M. Fehr, A. Schnegg, B. Rech, K. Lips, O. Astakhov, F. Finger, C. Freysoldt, R. Bittl, C. Teutloff.
        Dangling bonds in amorphous silicon investigated by multifrequency EPR.
        J. Non-Crystal Solids 358:2067-2070, 2012.


      • K. Lips, M. Fehr and J. Behrends.
        In: U. Rau, D. Abou-Ras and T. Kirchartz (Editors).
        Advanced characterization techniques for thin film solar cells.
        Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany, 2011.
      • M. Fehr, J. Behrends, S. Haas, B. Rech, K. Lips and A. Schnegg.
        Electrical detection of electron-spin-echo envelope modulations in thin-film silicon solar cells.
        Phys. Rev. B 84:193202, 2011.
      • M. Fehr, A. Schnegg, B. Rech, K. Lips, O. Astakhov, F. Finger, G. Pfanner, C. Freysoldt, J. Neugebauer, R. Bittl, C. Teutloff.
        Combined multifrequency EPR and DFT study of dangling bonds in a-Si:H.
        Phys. Rev. B. 84(24):245203, 2011.
      • S. F. Haag, M. Chen, D. Peters, C. M. Keck, B. Taskoparan, A. Fahr, C. Teutloff, R. Bittl, J. Lademann, M. Schäfer-Korting, M. C. Meinke.
        Nanostructured lipid carriers as nitroxide depot system measured by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy.
        International Journal of Pharmaceutics 421(2):364-369, 2011.
      • S. F. Haag, E. Fleige, M. Chen, A. Fahr, C. Teutloff, R. Bittl, J. Lademann, M. Schäfer-Korting, R. Haag, M. C. Meinke
        Skin penetration enhancement of core–multishell nanotransporters and invasomes measured by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy.
        International Journal of Pharmaceutics 416(1):223-228, 2011.
      • S. F. Haag, B. Taskoparan, R. Bittl, C. Teutloff, R. Wenzel, A. Fahr, M. Chen, J. Lademann, M. Schäfer-Korting, M. C. Meinke.
        Stabilization of Reactive Nitroxides Using Invasomes to Allow Prolonged Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Measurements.
        Skin Pharmacol. Physiol. 24:312-321, 2011.
      • Kasper S. Pedersen, Jan Dreiser, Joscha Nehrkorn, Maren Gysler, Magnus Schau-Magnussen, Alexander Schnegg, Karsten Holldack, Robert Bittl, Stergios Piligkos, Høgni Weihe, Philip Tregenna-Piggott, Oliver Waldmann, Jesper Bendix.
        A linear single-molecule magnet based on [RuIII(CN)6]3–.
        Chem. Commun. 47(24):6918-6920, 2011.
      • Stefan Weber, Claudia Schroeder, Sylwia Kacprzak, Tilo Mathes, Radoslaw M. Kowalczyk, Lars-Oliver Essen, Peter Hegemann, Erik Schleicher, Robert Bittl.
        Light-generated Paramagnetic Intermediates in BLUF Domains.
        Photochemistry and Photobiology, 87(3):574-583, 2011.
      • Anne Botev, Lisa-Marie Munter, Ringo Wenzel, Luise Richter, Veit Althoff, Jochen Ismer, Ulla Gerling, Christoph Weise, Beate Koksch, Peter W. Hildebrand, Robert Bittl, Gerd Multhaup.
        The Amyloid Precursor Protein C-Terminal Fragment C100 Occurs in Monomeric and Dimeric Stable Conformations and Binds gamma-Secretase Modulators.
        Biochemistry, 50(5):828-835, 2011.


      • Philipp Myrach, Niklas Nilius, Sergey V. Levchenko, Anastasia Gonchar, Thomas Risse, Klaus-Peter Dinse, Lynn. A. Boatner, Wiebke Frandsen, Raimund Horn, Hans-Joachim Freund, Robert Schlögl, Matthias Scheffler.
        Spatially resolved nuclear spin relaxation, electron spin relaxation and light absorption in swift heavy ion irradiated LiF crystals.
        ChemCatChem, 2(7):854-862, 2010.
      • H. Stork, K.-P. Dinse, M. Ditter, F. Fujara,, W. Masierak, R. Neumann, B. Schuster, K. Schwartz, C. Trautmann.
        Spatially resolved nuclear spin relaxation, electron spin relaxation and light absorption in swift heavy ion irradiated LiF crystals.
        J. Phys.: Condens. Matter, 22(18):185402, 2010.
      • Klaus-Peter Dinse, Johan van Tol, Andrew Ozarowski, Bjoern Corzilius.
        Multi-Frequency EPR and DC Conductivity of Itinerant Spins in Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes.
        Appl. Magn. Reson., 37(1-4):595-603, 2010.
      • Jana B. Nieder, Robert Bittl, Marc Brecht.
        Fluorescence Studies into the Effect of Plasmonic Interactions on Protein Function.
        Angewandte Chemie Int. Ed., 49(52):10217-10220, 2010.
      • Marius Horch, Lars Lauterbach, Miguel Saggu, Peter Hildebrandt, Friedhelm Lendzian, Robert Bittl, Oliver Lenz, Ingo Zebger.
        Probing the active site of an O2-tolerant NAD+-reducing [NiFe]-hydrogenase from Ralstonia eutropha H16 by in situ EPR and FTIR spectroscopy.
        Angewandte Chemie Int. Ed., 49(43):8026-8029, 2010.
      • Richard Brosi, Boris Illarionov, Tilo Mathes, Markus Fischer, Monika Joshi, Adelbert Bacher, Peter Hegemann, Robert Bittl, Stefan Weber, Erik Schleicher.
        Hindered Rotation of a Cofactor Methyl Group as a Probe for Protein-Cofactor Interaction.
        J. Am. Chem. Soc., 132(26):8935-8944, 2010.
      • Stefan F. Haag, Anne Bechtel, Maxim E. Darvin, Frank Klein, Norbert Groth, Monika Schäfer-Korting, Robert Bittl, Jürgen Lademann, Wolfram Sterry, Martina C. Meinke.
        Comparative study of carotenoids, catalase and radical formation in human and animal skin.
        Skin Pharmacology and Physiology, 23(6):306-312, 2010.
      • Sarah Küchler, Werner Herrmann, Grazyna Panek-Minkin, Tobias Blaschke, Christian Zoschke, Klaus D. Kramer, Robert Bittl and Monika Schäfer-Korting.
        SLN for topical application in skin diseases--Characterization of drug-carrier and carrier-target interactions.
        International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 390(2):225-233, 2010.
      • Miguel Saggu, Marcus Ludwig, Bärbel Friedrich, Peter Hildebrandt, Robert Bittl, Friedhelm Lendzian, Oliver Lenz, Ingo Zebger.
        Impact of amino acid substitutions near the catalytic site on the spectral properties of an O2-tolerant membrane-bound [NiFe]-hydrogenase.
        ChemPhysChem, 11(6):1215-1224, 2010.
      • Sven Keßen, Christian Teutloff, Jan Kern, Athina Zouni, Robert Bittl.
        High-Field 2H-Mims-ENDOR spectroscopy on PSII single crystals: The Hydrogen Bonding of YD.
        ChemPhysChem, 11(6):1275-1282, 2010.
      • M. Fehr, A. Schnegg, C. Teutloff, R. Bittl, O. Astakhov, F. Finger, B. Rech, K. Lips.
        Hydrogen distribution in the vicinity of dangling bonds in hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H).
        physica status solidi (a), 207(3):552-555, 2010.
      • Miguel Saggu, Christian Teutloff, Marcus Ludwig, Marc Brecht, Maria-Eirini Pandelia, Oliver Lenz, Bärbel Friedrich, Wolfgang Lubitz, Peter Hildebrandt, Friedhelm Lendzian and Robert Bittl.
        Comparison of the membrane-bound [NiFe] hydrogenases from R. eutropha H16 and D. vulgaris Miyazaki F in the oxidized ready state by pulsed EPR.
        PCCP, 12(9):2139-2148, 2010
      • Erik Schleicher, Ringo Wenzel, Margaret Ahmad, Alfred Batschauer, Lars-Oliver Essen, Kenichi Hitomi, Elizabeth D. Getzoff, Robert Bittl, Stefan Weber, Asako Okafuji.
        The Electronic State of Flavoproteins: Investigations with Proton Electron–Nuclear Double Resonance.
        Appl. Magn. Reson., 37(1-4):339-352, 2010.


2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009


      • Christian Teutloff, Susanne Pudollek, Sven Keßen, Matthias Broser, Athina Zouni, Robert Bittl.
        Electronic structure of the tyrosine D radical and the water splitting complex from pulsed ENDOR spectroscopy on photosystem II single crystals.
        PCCP, 11(31):6715-6726, 2009.
      • Alexander Schnegg, Jan Behrends, Klaus Lips, Robert Bittl, Karsten Holldack.
        Frequency domain Fourier Transform THz-EPR on single molecule magnets using coherent synchrotron radiation.
        PCCP, 11(31):6820-6825, 2009.
      • Erik Schleicher, Robert Bittl, Stefan Weber.
        New roles of flavoproteins in molecular biology: blue-light active flavoproteins studied by electron paramagnetic resonance.
        FEBS Journal, 276(16):4290-4303, 2009.
      • Marc Brecht, Volker Radics, Jana B. Nieder, Robert Bittl.
        Protein dynamics-induced variation of excitation energy transfer pathways.
        Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (USA), 106(29):11857-11861, 2009.
      • Nithya Srinivasan, Irina Karyagina, Robert Bittl, Art van der Est, John H. Golbeck.
        Role of the Hydrogen Bond from Leu722 to the A1A Phylloquinone in Photosystem I.
        Biochemistry, 48(15):3315-3324, 2009.
      • Jessica Jacobs, Susanne Pudollek, Anja Hemschemeier, Thomas Happe.
        A novel, anaerobically induced ferredoxin in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.
        FEBS Letters, 583(2):325-329, 2009.
      • Marc Brecht.
        Spectroscopic characterization of PSI at the single-molecule level.
        Mol. Phys., 107(18):1955-1974, 2009.
      • Jana B. Nieder, Marc Brecht, Robert Bittl.
        Dynamic Intracomplex Heterogeneity of Phytochrome.
        J. Am. Chem. Soc., 131(1):69-71, 2009.


      • Marc Brecht, Hauke Studier, Volker Radics, Jana B. Nieder, Robert Bittl.
        Spectral Diffusion Induced by Proton Dynamics in Pigment-Protein Complexes.
        J. Am. Chem. Soc., 130(51):17487-17493, 2008.
      • Kevin B. Henbest, Kiminori Maeda, P. J. Hore, Monika Joshi, Adelbert Bacher, Robert Bittl, Stefan Weber, Christiane R. Timmel, Erik Schleicher.
        Magnetic-field effect on the photoactivation reaction of Escherichia coli DNA photolyase.
        Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (USA), 105(38):14395-14399, 2008.
      • Susanne Pudollek, Friedhelm Lendzian, Robert Bittl.
        55Mn-ENDOR of the S2-state multiline signal of Photosystem II from Thermosynechococcus elongatus.
        Biochem. Soc. Trans., 36(5):1001-1004, 2008
      • N. Hoang, E. Schleicher, S. Kacprzak, J.P. Bouly, M. Picot, W. Wu, A. Berndt, E. Wolf, R. Bittl, M. Ahmad.
        Human and Drosophila cryptochromes are light activated by flavin photoreduction in living cells.
        PLoS Biol 6(7): e160
      • Marc Brecht, Volker Radics, Jana Nieder, Hauke Studier, Robert Bittl.
        Red Antenna States of Photosystem I from Synechocystis PCC 6803.
        Biochemistry, 47(20):5536-5543, 2008.
      • Marc Brecht, Jana B. Nieder, Hauke Studier, Eberhard Schlodder, Robert Bittl.
        Red Antenna States of Photosystem I from Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002.
        Photosynthesis Research 95(2-3):155-162, 2008


      • Marc Brecht, Hauke Studier, Jana B Nieder, Volker Radics, Robert Bittl.
        Single Molecule Spectroscopy on Photosystem I.
        In: P Hinterdorfer, G Schütz, P Pohl (ed.), Proceedings of the IX. Linz Winter Workshop 2007, in Schriftenreihe Biophysik, pages 64-68. Trauner, 2007.
      • Stefan Weber, Robert Bittl.
        Studies of Organic Protein Cofactors Using Electron Paramagnetic Resonance.
        Bull. Chem. Soc. Japan, 80(12):2270-2284, 2007..
      • Laurent Benisvy, Deborah Hammond, David J. Parker, E. Stephen Davies, C. David Garner, Jonathan McMaster, Claire Wilson, Frank Neese, Eberhard Bothe, Robert Bittl, Christian Teutloff.
        Insights into the nature of the hydrogen bonding of .Tyr227 in apo-galactose oxidase.
        Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry, 101(11-12):1859-1864, 2007.
      • Roopa Banerjee, Erik Schleicher, Stefan Meier, Rafael Muñoz Viana, Richard Pokorny, Margaret Ahmad, Robert Bittl, Alfred Batschauer.
        The Signaling State of Arabidopsis Cryptochrome 2 contains Flavin Semiquinone.
        J. Biol. Chem., 282(20): 14916-14922, 2007
      • C. Braem, T. Blaschke, G. Panek-Minkin, W. Herrmann, P. Schlupp, T. Paepenmüller, C. Müller-Goyman, W. Mehnert, R. Bittl, M. Schäfer-Korting, K. D. Kramer.
        Interaction of drug molecules with carrier systems as studied by parelectric spectroscopy and electron spin resonance.
        J. Contr. Rel., 119(1):128-135, 2007.
      • Jean-Pierre Bouly, Erik Schleicher, Maribel Dionisio-Sese, Filip Vandenbussche, Dominique Van Der Straeten, Nadia Bakrim, Stefan Meier, Alfred Batschauer, Paul Galland, Robert Bittl, Margaret Ahmad.
        Cryptochrome blue-light photoreceptors are activated through interconversion of flavin redox states.
        J. Biol. Chem., 282(13):9383-9391, 2007.
      • Marc Brecht, Hauke Studier, Alexandra F. Elli, Fedor Jelezko, Robert Bittl.
        Assignment of red antenna states in photosystem I from Thermosynechococcus elongatus by single molecule spectroscopy.
        Biochemistry, 46(3):799-806, 2007.


      • Alexander Schnegg, Asako Okafuji, Adelbert Bacher, Robert Bittl, Markus Fischer, Martin Fuchs, Peter Hegemann, Monika Joshi, Christopher W.M. Kay, Gerald Richter, Erik Schleicher, and Stefan Weber.
        Towards an identification of chemically different flavin radicals by means of their g-tensor.
        Appl. Magn. Reson., 30(3-4):345-358, 2006.
      • Christian Teutloff, Sven Keßen, Jan Kern, Athina Zouni, and Robert Bittl.
        High-Field (94-GHz) EPR spectroscopy on the S2 Multiline Signal of Photosystem II.
        FEBS Letters, 580(15):3605-3609, 2006.
      • Christopher W. M. Kay, Bina Mennenga, Helmut Görisch, and Robert Bittl.
        Substrate-binding in quinoprotein ethanol dehydrogenase from Pseudomonas aeruginosa studied by electron-nuclear double resonance.
        Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 103(14):5267-5272, 2006.
      • Alexandra F. Elli, Fedor Jelezko, Carsten Tietz, Hauke Studier, Marc Brecht, Robert Bittl, and Jörg Wrachtrup.
        Red pool chlorophylls of Photosystem I of the cyanobacterium Thermosynechococcus elongatus: a single molecule study.
        Biochemistry, 45(5):1454-1458, 2006.
      • Christopher W. M. Kay, Bina Mennenga, Helmut Görisch, and Robert Bittl.
        Structure of the pyrroloquinoline quinone radical in quinoprotein ethanol dehydrogenase.
        J. Biol. Chem., 281(3):1470-1476, 2006.
      • Christopher W. M. Kay, Celine Elsässer, Robert Bittl, Scott R. Farrell, and Colin Thorpe.
        Determination of the Distance between the Two Neutral Flavin Radicals in Augmenter of Liver Regeneration by Pulsed ELDOR.
        J. Am. Chem. Soc., 128(1):76-77, 2006
      • Maurice van Gastel, Matthias Stein, Marc Brecht, Olga Schröder, Friedhelm Lendzian, Robert Bittl, Hideaki Ogata, Yoshiki Higuchi, and Wolfgang Lubitz.
        A Single Crystal ENDOR and Density Functional Theory Study of the Oxidized States of the [NiFe] Hydrogenase from D. vulgaris Miyazaki F.
        J. Biol. Inorg. Chem., 11(1):41-51, 2006


      • Robert Bittl and Asako Kawamori.
        Configuration of Electron Transfer Components Studied by EPR Spectroscopy.
        In Thomas J. Wydrzynski and Kimiyuki Satoh, editors, Photosystem II: The Light-Driven Water:Plastoquinone Oxido-Reductase, number 22 in Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration, chapter 17, pages 389-402. Springer, 2005.
      • Christopher W.M. Kay, Erik Schleicher, Kenichi Hitomi, Takeshi Todo, Robert Bittl, and Stefan Weber.
        Determination of the G-Matrix Orientation in Flavin Radicals by High-Field/High-Frequency Electron-Nuclear Double Resonance.
        Magn. Reson. Chem., 43(S1):S96-S102, 2005.
      • Christian Teutloff, Kai-Oliver Schäfer, Sebastian Sinnecker, Vladimir Barynin, Robert Bittl, Karl Wieghardt, Friedhelm Lendzian, and Wolfgang Lubitz.
        High-Field EPR investigations of MnIIIMnIV and MnIIMnIII states of dimanganese catalase and related model systems.
        Magn. Reson. Chem., 43(S1):S51-S64, 2005.
      • Celine Elsäßer, Bernhard Monien, Wolfgang Haehnel, and Robert Bittl.
        Orientation of Spin Labels in De Novo Peptides.
        Magn. Reson. Chem., 43(S1):S26-S33, 2005.
      • Christopher W.M. Kay, Robert Bittl, Adelbert Bacher, Gerald Richter, and Stefan Weber.
        Unambiguous Determination of the g-Matrix Orientation in a Neutral Flavin Radical by Pulsed Electron-Nuclear Double Resonance at 94 GHz.
        J. Am. Chem. Soc., 127(31):10780-10781, 2005.
      • Laurent Benisvy, Robert Bittl, Eberhard Bothe, C. David Garner, Jonathan McMaster, Stephanie Ross, Christian Teutloff, and Frank Neese.
        Phenoxyl Radicals Hydrogen-Bonded to Imidazolium: Analogues of Tyrosyl D. of Photosystem II: High-Field EPR and DFT Studies
        Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 44(33):5314-5317, 2005.
      • A. Kawamori, T-A. Ono, A. Ishii, S. Nakazawa, H. Hara, T. Tomo, J. Minagawa, R. Bittl and S.A. Dzuba.
        The functional sites of chlorophylls in D1 and D2 subunits of Photosystem II identified by pulsed EPR
        Photosynthesis Research, 84(1-3):187-192, 2005.
      • Christopher W. M. Kay, Bina Mennenga, Helmut Görisch, and Robert Bittl.
        Substrate-Binding in Quinoprotein Ethanol Dehydrogenase from Pseudomonas aeruginosa Studied by Electron Paramagnetic Resonance at 94 GHz.
        J. Am. Chem. Soc., 127(22):7974-7975, 2005.
      • Robert Bittl and Stefan Weber.
        Transient radical pairs studied by time-resolved EPR.
        Biochim. Biophys. Acta (Bioenergetics), 1707(1):117-126, 2005.
      • Stefan Weber, Christopher W. M. Kay, Adelbert Bacher, Gerald Richter, and Robert Bittl.
        Probing the N(5)-H Bond of the Isoalloxazine Moiety of Flavin Radicals by X- and W-Band Pulsed Electron-Nuclear Double Resonance.
        ChemPhysChem, 6(2):292-299, 2005.
      • Celine Elsaesser, Marc Brecht, and Robert Bittl.
        Treatment of spin-coupled metal-centers in pulsed electron-electron double resonance experiments.
        Biochem. Soc. Trans., 33(1):15-19, 2005.
      • Friedhelm Lendzian and Robert Bittl.
        Probing Photoexcited Triplet States in Photosynthesis by Pulsed ENDOR Spectroscopy.
        SpinReport 156:9-13, 2005.


      • Radoslaw M. Kowalczyk, Erik Schleicher, Robert Bittl, and Stefan Weber.
        The Photo-Induced Triplet of Flavins and its Protonation States.
        J. Am. Chem. Soc., 126(36):11393-11399, 2004.
      • Erik Schleicher, Radoslaw M. Kowalczyk, Christopher W. M. Kay, Peter Hegemann, Adelbert Bacher, Markus Fischer, Robert Bittl, Gerald Richter, and Stefan Weber.
        On the Reaction Mechanism of Adduct Formation in LOV Domains of the Plant Blue-Light Receptor Phototropin.
        J. Am. Chem. Soc., 126(35):11067-11076, 2004.
      • C. Teutloff, R. Bittl, and W. Lubitz.
        Pulse ENDOR Studies on the Radical Pair P700+A1- and the Photoaccumulated Quinone Acceptor A1- of Photosystem I.
        Appl. Magn. Reson., 26(1-2):5-21, 2004.
      • Christopher W. M. Kay, Bina Mennenga, Helmut Görisch, and Robert Bittl.
        Characterisation of the PQQ-cofactor radical in quinoprotein ethanol dehydrogenase of Pseudomonas aeruginosa by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy.
        FEBS Letters, 564(1-2):69-72, 2004.


      • Michael Kammel, Jan Kern, Wolfgang Lubitz, and Robert Bittl.
        Photosystem II single crystals studied by transient EPR: the light-induced triplet state.
        Biochim. Biophys. Acta (Bioenergetics), 1605(1-3):47-54, 2003.
      • Friedhelm Lendzian, Robert Bittl, Alison Telfer, and Wolfgang Lubitz.
        Hyperfine structure of the photoexcited triplet state 3P680 in plant PS II reaction centers as determined by pulse ENDOR spectroscopy.
        Biochim. Biophys. Acta (Bioenergetics), 1605(1-3):35-46, 2003.
      • Wu Xu, Parag Chitnis, Alfia Valieva, Art van der Est, Julia N. Pushkar, Maceij Krzystyniak, Christian Teutloff, Stephan G. Zech, Robert Bittl, Dietmar Stehlik, Boris Zybailov, Gaozhong Shen, and John H. Golbeck.
        Electron transfer in cyanobacterial photosystem I: I. Physiological and spectroscopic characterizatin of site-directed mutants in a putative electron transfer pathway from A0 through A1 to FX.
        J. Biol. Chem., 278(30):27864-27875, 2003.
      • Robert Bittl, Christopher W. M. Kay, Stefan Weber, and Peter Hegemann.
        Characterization of a Flavin Radical Product in a C57M Mutant of a LOV1 Domain by Electron Paramagnetic Resonance.
        Biochemistry, 42(28):8506-8512, 2003.
      • Kai-Oliver Schäfer, Robert Bittl, Friedhelm Lendzian, Vladimir Barynin, Thomas Weyhermüller, Karl Wieghardt, and Wolfgang Lubitz.
        Multifrequency EPR Investigation of Dimanganese Catalase and Related Mn(III)Mn(IV) Complexes.
        J. Phys. Chem. B, 107(5):1242-1250, 2003.


      • Celine Elsässer, Marc Brecht, and Robert Bittl.
        Pulsed Electron-Electron Double Resonance on Multi-Nuclear Metal Clusters: Assignment of Spin Projection Factors Based on the Dipolar Interaction.
        J. Am. Chem. Soc., 124(42):12606-12611, 2002.
      • M. R. Fuchs, E. Schleicher, A. Schnegg, C. W. M. Kay, J. T. Törring, R. Bittl, A. Bacher, G. Richter, K. Möbius and S. Weber.
        The g-Tensor of the Neutral Flavin Radical Cofactor of DNA Photolyase Revealed by 360-GHz Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopy.
        J. Phys. Chem. B, 106(34):8885-8890, 2002.
      • Catherine Fursman, Christian Teutloff, and Robert Bittl.
        Pulsed ENDOR studies of short-lived spin-correlated radical pairs in photosynthetic reaction centres.
        J. Phys. Chem. B, 106(37):9679-9686, 2002.
      • Gaozhong Shen, Mikhail L. Antonkine, Art van der Est, Ilya R. Vassiliev, Klaus Brettel, Robert Bittl, Stephan Zech, Jindong Zhao, Dietmar Stehlik, Donald A. Bryant, and John H. Golbeck.
        Assembly of photosystem I. II. Rubredoxin is required for the in vivo assembly of FX in Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002 as shown by optical and EPR spectroscopy.
        J. Biol. Chem., 277:20355-20366, 2002.
      • Wolfgang Lubitz, Friedhelm Lendzian, and Robert Bittl.
        Radicals, Radical Pairs and Triplet States in Photosynthesis.
        Acc. Chem. Res., 35(5):313-320, 2002.
      • Yumiko Sakuragi, Boris Zybailov, Gaozhong Shen, A. Daniel Jones, Parag R. Chitnis, Art van der Est, Robert Bittl, Stephan Zech, Dietmar Stehlik, John H. Golbeck, and Donald A. Bryant.
        Insertional Inactivation of the menG Gene, Encoding 2-Phytyl-1,4-Naphthoquinone Methyltransferase of Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803, Results in the Incorporation of 2-Phytyl-1,4-Naphthoquinone into the A1 Site and Alteration of the Equilibrium Constant between A1 and FX in Photosystem I.
        Biochemistry, 41(1):394-405, 2002.


      • C. Teutloff, W. Hofbauer, S. G. Zech, M. Stein, Robert Bittl, and Wolfgang Lubitz.
        High-Frequency EPR Studies on Cofactor Radicals in Photosystem I.
        Appl. Magn. Reson., 21(3-4):363-379, 2001.
      • Günther Bleifuss, Matthias Kolberg, Stephan Pötsch, Wulf Hofbauer, Robert Bittl, Wolfgang Lubitz, Astrid Gräslund, Günter Lassmann, and Friedhelm Lendzian.
        Tryptophan and Tyrosine Radicals in Ribonucleotide Reductase: A Comparative High-Field EPR Study at 94 GHz.
        Biochemistry, 40(50):15362-15368, 2001.
      • Robert Bittl and Stephan G. Zech.
        Pulsed EPR spectroscopy on short-lived intermediates in Photosystem I.
        Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1507(1-3):194-211, 2001.
      • T. Wade Johnson, Boris Zybailov, A. Daniel Jones, Robert Bittl, Stephan Zech, Dietmar Stehlik, John H. Golbeck, and Parag Chitnis.
        Recruitment of a Foreign Quinone into the A1 Site of Photosystem I. In Vivo Replacement of Plastoquinone-9 by Media-Supplemented Naphthoquinones in Phylloquinone Biosynthetic Pathway Mutants of Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803.
        J. Biol. Chem., 276(43):39512-39521, 2001.
      • M. Fahnenschmidt, R. Bittl, E. Schlodder, W. Haehnel, and W. Lubitz.
        Characterization of De Novo Synthesized Four-Helix Bundle Proteins with Metalloporphyrin Cofactors.
        Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 3(18):4082-4090, 2001.
      • Brent Boudreaux, Fraser MacMillan, Christian Teutloff, Rufat Agalarov, Feifei Gu, Stéfane Grimaldi, Robert Bittl, Klaus Brettel, and Kevin Redding.
        Mutations in both sides of the Photosystem I reaction center identify the phylloquinone observed by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy.
        J. Biol. Chem., 276(40):37299-37306, 2001.
      • C. E. Fursman, R. Bittl, S. G. Zech, and P. J. Hore.
        95 GHz ESEEM of radical pairs: a source of radical separations and relative orientations.
        Chem. Phys. Letters, 342(1-2):162-168, 2001.
      • W. Hofbauer, A. Zouni, R. Bittl, J. Kern, P. Orth, F. Lendzian, P. Fromme, H. T. Witt, and W. Lubitz.
        Photosystem II single crystals studied by high frequency EPR spectroscopy at 94 GHz: the tyrosine radical YD.
        Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 98(12):6623-6628, 2001.
      • Robert Bittl, Eberhard Schlodder, Irene Geisenheimer, Wolfgang Lubitz, and Richard J. Cogdell.
        Transient EPR and absorption studies of carotenoid triplet formation in purple bacterial antenna complexes.
        J. Phys. Chem. B, 105(23):5525-5535, 2001.


      • Wulf Hofbauer and Robert Bittl.
        A Novel Approach to Separating EPR Lines arising from Species with Different Transition Moments.
        J. Magn. Reson., 147(2):226-231, 2000.
      • Richard J. Cogdell, Tina D. Howard, Robert Bittl, Eberhard Schlodder, Irene Geisenheimer, and Wolfgang Lubitz.
        How carotenoids protect bacterial photosynthesis.
        Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B, 355(1402):1345-1349, 2000.
      • Stephan G. Zech, Wulf Hofbauer, Andreas Kamlowski, Petra Fromme, Dietmar Stehlik, Wolfgang Lubitz, Robert Bittl.
        A Structural Model for the Charge Separated State P700+A1- in Photosystem I from the Orientation of the Magnetic Interaction Tensors.
        J. Phys. Chem. B, 104(41):9728-9739, 2000.
      • F. Jelezko, C. Tietz, U. Gerken, J. Wrachtrup and R. Bittl.
        Single Molecule Spectroscopy on Photosystem I Pigment-Protein Complexes.
        J. Phys. Chem. B, 104(34):8093-8096, 2000.
      • R. Calvo, E. C. Abresch, R. Bittl, G. Feher, W. Hofbauer, R. A. Isaacson, W. Lubitz, M. Y. Okamura, and M. l. Paddock.
        EPR Study of the Molecular and Electronic Structure of the Biradical QA-QB- in Reaction Centers from Rb. Sphaeroides.
        J. Am. Chem. Soc., 122(30):7327-7341, 2000.
      • M. Fahnenschmidt, R. Bittl, H. K. Rau, W. Haehnel, and W. Lubitz.
        Electron Paramagnetic Resonance and Electron Nuclear Double Resonance Spectroscopy of a Heme Protein Maquette.
        Chem. Phys. Letters, 323(3-4):329-339, 2000.
      • Boris Zybailov, Art van der Est, Stephan G. Zech, Christian Teutloff, T. Wade Johnson, Gaozhong Shen, Robert Bittl, Dietmar Stehlik, Parag Chitnis, and John H. Golbeck.
        Recruitment of a Foreign Quinone into the A1 Site of Photosystem I: II. Structural and Functional Characterization of Phylloquinone Biosynthetic Pathway Mutants by EPR and ENDOR Spectroscopy.
        J. Biol. Chem., 275(12):8531-8539, 2000.


1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999


      • A. T. Gardiner, S. G. Zech, F. MacMillan, H. Käß, R. Bittl, E. Schlodder, F. Lendzian, and W. Lubitz.
        EPR Studies of Zn-Substituted Reaction Centers from Rhodopseudomonas viridis.
        Biochemistry, 38(36):11773-11787, 1999.
      • M. Fahnenschmidt, H. K. Rau, R. Bittl, W. Haehnel, and W. Lubitz.
        Characterization of De Novo Designed Heme Proteins by EPR and ENDOR Spectroscopy.
        Chem. Eur. J., 5(8):2327-2334, 1999.
      • Stephan G. Zech, Jens Kurreck, Gernot Renger, Wolfgang Lubitz, and Robert Bittl.
        Determination of the distance between YZox and QA- in photosystem II by pulsed EPR spectroscopy on light-induced radical pairs.
        FEBS Letters, 442(1):79-82, 1999.


      • Christian Teutloff, Fraser MacMillan, Robert Bittl, Friedhelm Lendzian, and Wolfgang Lubitz.
        A comparative Study of A1- in PS I from Cyanobacteria, Green Plants and Algae using EPR and ENDOR Spectroscopy.
        In G. Garab, editor, Photosynthesis: Mechanisms and Effects, volume I, pages 607-610. Kluwer, 1998.
      • F. Lendzian, R. Bittl, A. Telfer, J. Barber, and W. Lubitz.
        Time-Resolved ENDOR of the Triplet State of P680 in PS II Reaction Centers.
        In G. Garab, editor, Photosynthesis: Mechanisms and Effects, volume II, pages 1057-1060. Kluwer, 1998.
      • Robert Bittl, Stephan G. Zech, Christian Teutloff, Ludwig Krabben, and Wolfgang Lubitz.
        Structural Information on Components of the Electron Transfer Chain in Photosystem I from Time-resolved EPR Spectroscopy.
        In G. Garab, editor, Photosynthesis: Mechanisms and Effects, volume I, pages 509-514. Kluwer, 1998.
      • Kai-Oliver Schäfer, Robert Bittl, Wolfgang Zweygart, Friedhelm Lendzian, Gabriele Haselhorst, Thomas Weyhermüller, Karl Wieghardt, and Wolfgang Lubitz.
        Electronic Structure of Antiferromagnetically Coupled Dinuclear Manganese (MnIIIMnIV) Complexes Studied by Magnetic Resonance Techniques.
        J. Am. Chem. Soc., 120(50):13104-13120, 1998.
      • Andreas Kamlowski, Brigitte Altenberg-Greulich, Arthur van der Est, Stephan G. Zech, Robert Bittl, Petra Fromme, Wolfgang Lubitz, and Dietmar Stehlik.
        The Quinone Acceptor A1 in Photosystem I: Binding Site, and Comparison to QA in Purple Bacterial Reaction Centers.
        J. Phys. Chem. B, 102(42):8278-8287, 1998.
      • Andreas Kamlowski, Stephan G. Zech, Petra Fromme, Robert Bittl, Wolfgang Lubitz, Horst T. Witt, and Dietmar Stehlik.
        The Radical Pair State P700+A1- in Photosystem I Single Crystals: Orientation Dependence of the Transient Spin-Polarized EPR Spectra.
        J. Phys. Chem. B, 102(42):8266-8277, 1998.
      • Gunnar Jeschke and Robert Bittl.
        Electron spin echo envelope modulation by electronic spin-spin interactions in radical pairs undergoing electron transfer.
        Chem. Phys. Letters, 294(4-5):323-331, 1998.
      • Friedhelm Lendzian, Robert Bittl, and Wolfgang Lubitz.
        Pulsed ENDOR Study of the Photoexcited Triplet States of Bacteriochlorophyll a and of the Primary Donor P865 in Reaction Centers of Rhodobacter Sphaeroides R-26.
        Photosynthesis Research, 55(2-3):189-197, 1998.
      • Wulf Hofbauer and Robert Bittl.
        EPR at 94 GHz of Laser-Induced Species in an ELEXSYS E680 Spectrometer.
        BRUKER Report, 145:38-39, 1998.


      • Stephan G. Zech, Robert Bittl, Alastair T. Gardiner, and Wolfgang Lubitz.
        Transient and Pulsed EPR Spectroscopy on the Radical Pair State P865+QA- to Study Light-Induced Changes in Bacterial Reaction Centers.
        Appl. Magn. Reson., 13(3-4):517-529, 1997.
      • Stephan G. Zech, Jens Kurreck, Hann-Jörg Eckert, Gernot Renger, Wolfgang Lubitz, and Robert Bittl.
        Pulsed EPR measurement of the Distance between P680+ and QA- in Photosystem II.
        FEBS Letters, 414(2):454-456, 1997.
      • Robert Bittl, Stephan G. Zech, P. Fromme, Horst T. Witt, and Wolfgang Lubitz.
        Pulsed EPR structure analysis of photosystem I single crystals: Localisation of the phylloquinone acceptor.
        Biochemistry, 36(40):12001-12004, 1997.
      • W. Lubitz, R. Fiege, R. Bittl, K.-D. Irrgang, and G. Renger.
        EPR and ENDOR Investigations of the Manganese Cluster in Photosystem II.
        In A. X. Trautwein, editor, Bioinorganic Chemistry: Transition Metals in Biology and their Coordination Chemistry, pages 673-680. VCH Publishers, Weinheim, 1997.
      • W. Lubitz, W. Zweygart, R. Bittl, K. Wieghardt, G. Haselhorst, and T. Weyhermüller.
        EPR and ENDOR Investigations of the Dinuclear Manganese Complexes as Models for the Water Oxidizing Unit in Photosynthesis.
        In A. X. Trautwein, editor, Bioinorganic Chemistry: Transition Metals in Biology and their Coordination Chemistry, pages 665-672. VCH Publishers, Weinheim, 1997.
      • Stephan G. Zech, Arthur van der Est, and Robert Bittl.
        Measurement of the distance between P700+ and A1- in native and quinone substituted photosystem I using pulsed EPR spectroscopy.
        Biochemistry, 36(32):9774-9779, 1997.
      • A. van der Est, T. F. Prisner, R. Bittl, P. Fromme, W. Lubitz, K. Möbius, and D. Stehlik.
        Time-resolved X-, K- and W-band EPR of the radical pair state P700+A1- of photosystem I in comparison with P700+A1- in bacterial reaction centers.
        J. Phys. Chem. B, 101(8):1437-1443, 1997.
      • Robert Bittl and Stephan G. Zech.
        Pulsed EPR study of spin coupled radical pairs in photosynthetic reaction centers: Measurement of the distance between P700+ and A1- in photosystem I and between P865+ and QA- in bacterial reaction centers.
        J. Phys. Chem. B, 101(8):1429-1436, 1997.


      • Stephan G. Zech, Wolfgang Lubitz, and Robert Bittl.
        Pulsed EPR Experiments on Radical Pairs in Photosynthesis: Comparison of Donor-Acceptor Distances in Photosystem I and Bacterial Reaction Centers.
        Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem., 100(12):2041-2044, 1996.
      • W. Zweygart, R. Bittl, K. Wieghardt, and W. Lubitz.
        EPR and 55Mn cw-ENDOR Study of an Antiferromagnetically Coupled Dinuclear Manganese (MnIIIMnIV) Complex.
        Chem. Phys. Letters, 261(3):272-276, 1996.
      • Friedhelm Lendzian, Margareta Sahlin, Fraser MacMillan, Robert Bittl, Stephan Pötsch, Britt-Marie Sjöberg, Astrid Gräslund, Wolfgang Lubitz, and Günter Lassmann.
        Electronic Structure of Neutral Tryptophan Radicals in Ribonucleotid Reductase Studied by EPR and ENDOR Spectroscopy.
        J. Am. Chem. Soc., 118(34):8111-8120, 1996.
      • Robert Fiege, Wolfgang Zweygart, Robert Bittl, Noam Adir, Gernot Renger, and Wolfgang Lubitz.
        EPR and ENDOR studies of the water oxidizing complex of photosystem II.
        Photosynthesis Research, 48(1-2):227-237, 1996.
      • Robert Bittl, Stephan G. Zech, and Wolfgang Lubitz.
        Light-induced changes in transient EPR spectra of P865+QA-.
        In M.-E. Michel-Beyerle, editor, The Reaction Center of Photosynthetic Bacteria - Structure and Dynamics, pages 333-339. Springer, 1996.
      • Alistair Gardiner, Hanno Käß, Stephan G. Zech, Robert Bittl, Fraser MacMillan, Friedhelm Lendzian, and Wolfgang Lubitz.
        EPR and ESEEM of QA- and transient EPR of P960+QA- in Zn-substituted reaction centers from Rps. viridis.
        Biophysical J., 70(2,2):11a, 1996.
      • Alexander Angerhofer and Robert Bittl.
        Radicals and radical pairs in photosynthesis (invited review).
        Photochem. Photobiol., 63(1):11-38, 1996.


      • A. T. Gardiner, F. Lendzian, F. MacMillan, S. G. Zech, R. Bittl, M. Kuhn, and W. Lubitz.
        EPR Characterization of QA- from Biosynthetically and Chemically Substituted Zn(II) Reaction Centers from Rhodobacter sphaeroides and Rhodopseudomonas viridis.
        In P. Mathis, editor, Photosynthesis: From Light to Biosphere, volume I, pages 655-658. Kluwer, 1995.
      • Thomas F. Prisner, Art van der Est, Robert Bittl, Wolfgang Lubitz, Dietmar Stehlik, and Klaus Möbius.
        Time-resolved W-band (95 GHz) EPR spectroscopy of Zn-substituted reaction centers of Rhodobacter sphaeroides R-26.
        Chem. Phys., 194(2-3):361-370, 1995.


      • Robert Bittl, Arthur van der Est, Andreas Kamlowski, Wolfgang Lubitz, and Dietmar Stehlik.
        Time-resolved EPR of the radical pair P865+QA- in bacterial reaction centers: Observation of transient nutations, quantum beats and envelope modulation effects.
        Chem. Phys. Letters, 226(3-4):349-358, 1994.


      • Robert Bittl.
        Matrix elements of spin operators in exchange coupled tetrameric metal clusters.
        Chem. Phys. Letters, 215(4):279-284, 1993.
      • A. van der Est, R. Bittl, E. C. Abresch, W. Lubitz, and D. Stehlik.
        Transient EPR spectroscopy of perdeuterated Zn-substituted reaction centres of Rhodobacter sphaeroides R-26.
        Chem. Phys. Letters, 212(6):561-568, 1993.
      • Georg Füchsle, Robert Bittl, Arthur van der Est, Wolfgang Lubitz, and Dietmar Stehlik.
        Transient EPR spectroscopy of the charge separated state P+Q- in photosynthetic reaction centers. Comparison of Zn-substituted Rhodobacter sphaeroides R-26 and photosystem I.
        Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1142(1-2):23-35, 1993.


      • Robert Bittl, Art v. d. Est, Georg Füchsle, Wolfgang Lubitz, and Dietmar Stehlik.
        Transient EPR of Photosynthetic Reaction Centers: Structural Information on the Radical Pair P+Q- in Zn-substituted Rhodobacter sphaeroides and Photosystem I.
        In N. Murata, editor, Research in Photosynthesis, volume I, pages 461-464. Kluwer, 1992.
      • Robert Bittl, Art v. d. Est, Georg Füchsle, Dietmar Stehlik, and Wolfgang Lubitz.
        Transient EPR of the P+Q- state in photosynthetic reaction centers. Comparison of photosystem I and Zn-substituted Rb. Sphaeroides R-26.
        Biophysical J., 61(2,2):478a, 1992.


      • Gerd Kothe, Stefan Weber, Robert Bittl, Ernst Ohmes, Marion C. Thurnauer, and James R. Norris.
        Transient EPR of light-induced radical pairs in plant photosystem I: Observation of quantum beats.
        Chem. Phys. Letters, 186(6):474-480, 1991.
      • Gerd Kothe, Stefan Weber, Robert Bittl, James R. Norris, Seth S. Snyder, Jau Tang, Marion C. Thurnauer, Andrea L. Morris, Richard R. Rustandi, and Zhiyu Wang.
        The role of spin chemistry in the primary events of photosynthesis.
        In Y. J. I'Haya, editor, Spin Chemistry, p. 420-434. The Oji International Conference on Spin Chemistry, Oji, Japan, 1991.
      • Robert Bittl and Gerd Kothe.
        Transient EPR of radical pairs in photosynthetic reaction centers: Prediction of quantum beats.
        Chem. Phys. Letters, 177(6):547-553, 1991.






      • Robert Bittl and Klaus Schulten.
        Study of polymer dynamics by magnetic field-dependent biradical reactions.
        In G. Maret, N. Boccara, and J. Kiepenheuer, editors, Biophysical Effects of Steady Magnetic Fields, number 11 in Springer Proceedings in Physics, pages 90-98. Springer, 1986.
      • Klaus Schulten and Robert Bittl.
        Probing the dynamics of a polymer with paramagnetic end groups by magnetic fields.
        J. Chem. Phys., 84(9):5155-5161, 1986


    • R. Bittl, H. Treutlein, and K. Schulten.
      Electron conduction along aliphatic chains.
      In M. E. Michel-Beyerle, editor, Antennas and Reaction Centers of Photosynthetic Bacteria - Structure, Interaction and Dynamics, pages 264-276. Springer, 1985.