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Publications of Prof. Dr. Robert Bittl

Articles / Conference proceedings



      • Kanad Majumder, Soham Mukherjee, Naitik Panjwani, Jieun Lee, Robert Bittl, Woojae Kim, Satish Patil, Andrew Musser
        Controlling Intramolecular Singlet Fission dynamics via Torsional Modulation of Through-Bond versus Through-Space Couplings
        J. Am. Chem. Soc., 145(38): 20883–20896, 2023
      • Emilio Macaluso, Alessandro Chiesa, Paolo Santini, Robert Bittl, and Stefano Carretta
        Chiral-induced spin selectivity in photo-induced electron transfer: Investigating charge and spin dynamics in a master equation framework
        J. Chem. Phys., 159:084301, 2023
      • A. Chiesa, A. Privitera, E. Macaluso, M. Mannini, R. Bittl, R. Naaman, M. R. Wasielewski, R. Sessoli, S. Carretta
        Chirality-induced spin selectivity: an enabling technology for quantum applications
        Advanced Materials, 2300472, 2023.
      • Federico Salsi, Shuai Wang, Christian Teutloff, Marvin Busse, Michael L. Neville, Adelheid Hagenbach, Robert Bittl, Joshua S. Figueroa and Ulrich Abram
        A Complete Triad of Zero-Valent 17-Electron Monoradicals of Group 7 Elements Stabilized by m-Terphenyl Isocyanides
        Angew. Chemie-Int. Edition, 62: e202300254, 2023.


      • Patrycja J. Kielb, Christian Teutloff, Robert Bittl, Harry B. Gray, and Jay R. Winkler
        Does Tyrosine Protect S. coelicolor Laccase from Oxidative Degradation or Act as an Extended Catalytic Site?
        J. Phys. Chem. B, 126(40):7943–7949, 2022.
      • Mohamed Atef Hassan, Michal Kern, Anh Chu, Gatik Kalra, Ekaterina Shabratova, Aleksei Tsarapkin, Neil Mackinnon, Klaus Lips, Christian Teutloff, Robert Bittl, Jan Gerrit Korvink, Jens Anders
        Towards single-cell pulsed EPR using VCO-based EPR-on-a-chip detectors
        Frequenz 2022, in press.
      • Nilabja Maity, Woojae Kim, Naitik A. Panjwani, Arup Kundu, Kanad Majumder, Pranav Kasetty, Divji Mishra, Robert Bittl, Jayashree Nagesh, Jyotishman Dasgupta, Andrew J. Musser, Satish Patil
        Parallel triplet formation pathways in a singlet fission material
        Nature Communications, 13:5244, 2022.


      • Erik Schleicher, Stephan Rein, Boris Illarionov, Ariane Lehmann, Tarek Al Said, Sylwia Kacprzak, Robert Bittl, Adelbert Bacher, Markus Fischer, Stefan Weber
        Selective 13C labelling reveals the electronic structure of flavocoenzyme radicals
        Scientific Reports, 11:18234, 2021.
      • Claudia E. Tait, Anna Reckwitz, Malavika Arvind, Dieter Neher, Robert Bittl and Jan Behrends
        Spin–spin interactions and spin delocalisation in a doped organic semiconductor probed by EPR spectroscopy
        Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 23:13827, 2021.
      • A. Chiesa, M. Chizzini, E. Garlatti, E. Salvadori, F. Tacchino, P. Santini, I. Tavernelli, R. Bittl, M. Chiesa, R. Sessoli, S. Carretta
        Assessing the nature of chiral-induced spin-selectivity by magnetic resonance
        J. Phys. Chem. Lett., 12(27):6341–6347, 2021.


      • Klaus-Peter Dinse, Tatsuhisa Kato, Shota Hasegawa, Yoshifumi Hashikawa, Yasujiro Murata, and Robert Bittl.
        EPR study of NO radicals encased in modified open C60 fullerenes.
        Magn. Reson., 1, 197–207, 2020.
      • Meng-Yang Ye, Shuang Li, Xiaojia Zhao, Nadezda V. Tarakina, Christian Teutloff, Wing Ying Chow, Robert Bittl, and Arne Thomas.
        Cobalt-Exchanged Poly(Heptazine Imides) as Transition Metal–Nx Electrocatalysts for the Oxygen Evolution Reaction.
        Adv. Mater. 32:1903942, 2020.
      • Wing Ying Chow, Brendan P. Norman, Norman B. Roberts, Lakshminarayan R. Ranganath, Christian Teutloff, Robert Bittl, Melinda J. Duer, James A. Gallagher, Hartmut Oschkinat.
        Pigmentation chemistry and radical-based collagen degradation in alkaptonuria and osteoarthritic cartilage.
        Angewandte Chemie Int. Ed. 59(29):11937-11942, 2020.
      • Silke B. Lohan, Siavash Saeidpour, Miriam Colombo, Sven Staufenbiel, Michael Unbehauen, Amanuel Wolde-Kidan, Roland R. Netz, Roland Bodmeier, Rainer Haag, Christian Teutloff, Robert Bittl, and Martina C. Meinke.
        Nanocrystals for Improved Drug Delivery of Dexamethasone in Skin Investigated by EPR Spectroscopy.
        Pharmaceutics 12(5):400, 2020.
      • Pin Dong, Christian Teutloff, Jürgen Lademann, Alexa Patzelt, Monika Schäfer-Korting, Martina C. Meinke.
        Solvent Effects on Skin Penetration and Spatial Distribution of the Hydrophilic Nitroxide Spin Probe PCA Investigated by EPR.
        Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics 78:127–137, 2020.
      • Richard Brosi, Boris Illarionov, Lorenz Heidinger, Ryu-Ryun Kim, Markus Fischer, Stefan Weber, Adelbert Bacher, Robert Bittl, and Erik Schleicher.
        Coupled Methyl Group Rotation in FMN Radicals Revealed by Selective Deuterium Labeling.
        J. Phys. Chem. B 124(9):1678–1690, 2020.
      • S. L. Bayliss, L. R. Weiss, F. Kraffert, D. B. Granger, J. E. Anthony, J. Behrends, and R. Bittl.
        Probing the Wave Function and Dynamics of the Quintet Multiexciton State with Coherent Control in a Singlet Fission Material.
        Phys. Rev. B X(10):021070, 2020.


      • Sam L. Bayliss, Felix Kraffert, Rui Wang, Chunfeng Zhang, Robert Bittl, Jan Behrends.
        Tuning Spin Dynamics in Crystalline Tetracene.
        J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 10: 1908-1913, 2019.
      • Anna M. Weber, Jennifer Kaiser, Thea Ziegler, Sebastian Pilsl, Christian Renzl, Lisa Sixt, Georg Pietruschka, Sébastien Moniot, Ankana Kakoti, Marc Juraschitz, Stefanie Schrottke, Laura Lledo Bryant, Clemens Steegborn, Robert Bittl, Günter Mayer, Andreas Möglich.
        A blue light receptor that mediates RNA binding and translational regulation.
        Nature Chemical Biology 15:1085-1092, 2019.


      • Sam L. Bayliss, Leah R. Weiss, Anatol Mitioglu, Krzysztof Galkowski, Zhuo Yang, Kamila Yunusova, Alessandro Surrente, Karl J. Thorley, Jan Behrends, Robert Bittl, John E. Anthony, Akshay Rao, Richard H. Friend, Paulina Plochocka, Peter C. M. Christianen, Neil C. Greenham, Alexei D. Chepelianskii.
        Site-selective measurement of coupled spin pairs in an organic semiconductor.
        Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (USA) 115 (20):5077-5082, 2018.


      • Sebastian Goetzl, Christian Teutloff, Tobias Werther, Sandra E. Hennig, Jae-Hun Jeoung, Robert Bittl, Holger Dobbek.
        Protein Dynamics in the Reductive Activation of a B12-Containing Enzyme.
        Biochemistry 56(41):5496–5502, 2017.
      • Daniel Nohr, Bernd Paulus, Ryan Rodriguez, Asako Okafuji, Robert Bittl, Erik Schleicher, and Stefan Weber.
        Excited-state Distance Determination in Light-active Proteins and its Implication for Biological Magnetoreception.
        Angewandte Chemie Int. Ed. 56:8550-8554, 2017.
      • S. Saeidpour, S.B. Lohan, M. Anske, M. Unbehauen, E. Fleige, R. Haag, M.C. Meinke, R. Bittl, M.C. Meinke, C. Teutloff.
        Localization of dexamethasone within dendritic core-multishell (CMS) nanoparticles and skin penetration properties studied by multi-frequency electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy (EPR).
        European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics 116:94-101, 2017.
      • Silke B. Lohan, Siavash Saeidpour, Agnieszka Solik, Sabine Schanzer, Heike Richter, Pin Dong, Maxim E. Darvin, Roland Bodmeier, Alexa Patzelt, Gaith Zoubari, Michael Unbehauen, Rainer Haag, Jürgen Lademann, Christian Teutloff, Robert Bittl, Martina C. Meinke.
        Investigation of the cutaneous penetration behavior of dexamethasone loaded to nano-sized lipid particles by EPR spectroscopy, and confocal Raman and laser scanning microscopy.
        European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics 116:102-110, 2017.
      • Joscha Nehrkorn, Karsten Holldack, Robert Bittl, Alexander Schnegg.
        Recent progress in synchrotron-based frequency-domain Fourier-transform THz-EPR.
        Journal of Magnetic Resonance, 280:10-19, 2017.
      • Christopher Engelhard, Ralph P. Diensthuber, Andreas Möglich, Robert Bittl.
        Blue-light reception through quaternary transitions.
        Scientific Reports 7:1385, 2017.
      • Robert Steyrleuthner, Yuexing Zhang, Lei Zhang, Felix Kraffert, Benjamin P. Cherniawski, Robert Bittl, Alejandro L. Briseno, Jean-Luc Bredas, Jan Behrends.
        Impact of morphology on polaron delocalization in a semicrystalline conjugated polymer.
        Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 19:3627-3639, 2017.
      • Siavash Saeidpour, Silke B. Lohan, Agnieszka Solik, Victoria Paul, Roland Bodmeier, Gaith Zoubari, Robert Bittl, Martina C. Meinke, Christian Teutloff.
        Drug Distribution in Nanostructured Lipid Particles.
        European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmacutics, 110:19-23, 2017.
      • Leah R.Weiss, Sam L. Bayliss, Felix Kraffert, Karl J. Thorley, John E. Anthony, Robert Bittl, Richard H. Friend, Akshay Rao, Neil C. Greenham and Jan Behrends.
        Strongly exchange-coupled triplet pairs in an organic semiconductor.
        Nature Physics 13:176-181, 2017.


      • Christoph Meier, Christian Teutloff, Jan Behrends, Robert Bittl, Oleksandr Astahkhov, and Klaus Lips.
        Triplet excitons as sensitive spin probes for structure analysis of extended defects in microcrystalline silicon.
        Phys. Rev. B, 94:045302, 2016.
      • S.B. Lohan, N. Icken, C. Teutloff, S. Saeidpour, R. Bittl, J. Lademann, E. Fleige, R. Haag, S.F. Haag, M.C. Meinke.
        Investigation of cutaneous penetration properties of stearic acid loaded to dendritic core-multi-shell (CMS) nanocarriers.
        International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 501:271-277, 2016.


      • Estella F. Yee, Ralph P. Diensthuber, Anand T. Vaidya, Peter P. Borbat, Christopher Engelhard, Jack H. Freed, Robert Bittl, Andreas Möglich, Brian R. Crane.
        Signal transduction in light–oxygen–voltage receptors lacking the adduct-forming cysteine residue.
        Nature Communications, 6:10079, 2015.
      • Julia Löwenstein, Lars Lauterbach, Christian Teutloff, Oliver Lenz, Robert Bittl.
        Active Site of the NAD+-Reducing Hydrogenase from Ralstonia eutropha Studied by EPR Spectroscopy.
        J. Phys. Chem. B, 119(43):13834-13841, 2015.
      • Aaron Hahn, Christopher Engelhard, Stefan Reschke, Christian Teutloff, Robert Bittl, Silke Leimkühler, Thomas Risse.
        Structural insights into the incorporation of the Mo cofactor into sulfite oxidase from site directed spin labeling.
        Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 54:1-6, 2015.
      • Felix Kraffert, Robert Steyrleuthner, Christoph Meier, Robert Bittl, and Jan Behrends.
        Transient Electrically Detected Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy applied to Organic Solar Cells.
        Appl. Phys. Lett., 107:043302, 2015.



      • Jana B. Nieder, Emina A. Stojkovic, Keith Moffat, Katrina T. Forest, Tilman Lamparter, Robert Bittl, and John T. M. Kennis.
        Pigment-Protein Interactions in Phytochromes Probed by Fluorescence Line Narrowing Spectroscopy.
        Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 117(48):14940-14950, 2013.
      • Nils Krause, Christopher Engelhard, Joachim Heberle, Ramona Schlesinger, Robert Bittl.
        Structural differences between the closed and open states of channelrhodopsin-2 as observed by EPR spectroscopy.
        FEBS Letters, 587(20):3309-3313, 2013.
      • Konrad Klein, Benedikt Hauer, Benedikt Stoib, Markus Trautwein, Sonja Matich, Hans Huebl, Oleksandr Astakhov, Friedhelm Finger, Robert Bittl, Martin Stutzmann, and Martin S. Brandt.
        The electrically detected magnetic resonance microscope: Combining conductive atomic force microscopy with electrically detected magnetic resonance.
        Review of Scientific Instruments 84(10):103911, 2013.
      • Christoph Meier, Jan Behrends, Robert Bittl.
        Electrical detection of Rabi oscillations in microcrystalline silicon thin-film solar-cells.
        Molecular Physics, in press 2013.
      • Christoph Meier, Jan Behrends, Christian Teutloff, Oleksandr Astakhov, Alexander Schnegg, Klaus Lips, Robert Bittl.
        Multi-frequency EDMR applied to microcrystalline thin-film silicon solar cells.
        Journal of Magnetic Resonance, 234:1-9, 2013.
      • Joscha Nehrkorn, Berta M. Martins, Karsten Holldack, Stefan Stoll, Holger Dobbek, Robert Bittl, Alexander Schnegg.
        Zero field Splittings in metHb with aquo and fluoro ligands: a FD-FT THz-EPR Study.
        Molecular Physics, in press 2013.
      • Thomas Barends, Richard Brosi, Andrea Steinmetz, Anna Scherer, Elisabeth Hartmann, Jessica Eschenbach, Thorsten Lorenz, Ralf Seidel, Robert Shoeman, Sabine Zimmermann, Robert Bittl, Ilme Schlichting and Jochen Reinstein.
        Combining Crystallography and EPR: Crystal- and Solution Structures of the Multidomain Cochaperone DnaJ.
        Acta Crystallographica Section D, 69:1540-1552, 2013.
      • Vera Herbel, Christian Orth, Ringo Wenzel, Margaret Ahmad, Robert Bittl, Alfred Batschauer.
        Life-times of Arabidopsis cryptochrome signaling states in vivo.
        The Plant Journal 74:583-592, 2013.


      • S. Burney, R. Wenzel, T. Kottke, T. Roussel, N. Hoang, J.-P. Bouly, R. Bittl, J. Heberle, M. Ahmad.
        Single Amino Acid Substitution Reveals Latent Photolyase Activity in Arabidopsis cry1.
        Angewandte Chemie Int. Ed., 51(37):9356-9360, 2012.
      • J. Behrends, A. Sperlich, A. Schnegg, T. Biskup, C. Teutloff, K. Lips, V. Dyakonov and R. Bittl.
        Direct detection of photoinduced charge transfer complexes in polymer fullerene blends.
        Phys. Rev. B 85:125206, 2012.
      • M. Fehr, A. Schnegg, B. Rech, K. Lips, O. Astakhov, F. Finger, C. Freysoldt, R. Bittl, C. Teutloff.
        Dangling bonds in amorphous silicon investigated by multifrequency EPR.
        J. Non-Crystal Solids 358:2067-2070, 2012.


      • M. Fehr, A. Schnegg, B. Rech, K. Lips, O. Astakhov, F. Finger, G. Pfanner, C. Freysoldt, J. Neugebauer, R. Bittl, C. Teutloff,
        Combined multifrequency EPR and DFT study of dangling bonds in a-Si:H.
        Phys. Rev. B. 84(24):245203, 2011.
      • S. F. Haag, M. Chen, D. Peters, C. M. Keck, B. Taskoparan, A. Fahr, C. Teutloff, R. Bittl, J. Lademann, M. Schäfer-Korting, M. C. Meinke.
        Nanostructured lipid carriers as nitroxide depot system measured by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy.
        International Journal of Pharmaceutics 421(2):364-369, 2011.
      • S. F. Haag, E. Fleige, M. Chen, A. Fahr, C. Teutloff, R. Bittl, J. Lademann, M. Schäfer-Korting, R. Haag, M. C. Meinke
        Skin penetration enhancement of core–multishell nanotransporters and invasomes measured by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy.
        International Journal of Pharmaceutics 416(1):223-228, 2011.
      • S. F. Haag, B. Taskoparan, R. Bittl, C. Teutloff, R. Wenzel, A. Fahr, M. Chen, J. Lademann, M. Schäfer-Korting, M. C. Meinke.
        Stabilization of Reactive Nitroxides Using Invasomes to Allow Prolonged Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Measurements.
        Skin Pharmacol. Physiol. 24:312-321, 2011.
      • Kasper S. Pedersen, Jan Dreiser, Joscha Nehrkorn, Maren Gysler, Magnus Schau-Magnussen, Alexander Schnegg, Karsten Holldack, Robert Bittl, Stergios Piligkos, Høgni Weihe, Philip Tregenna-Piggott, Oliver Waldmann, Jesper Bendix.
        A linear single-molecule magnet based on [RuIII(CN)6]3–.
        Chem. Commun. 47(24):6918-6920, 2011.
      • Stefan Weber, Claudia Schroeder, Sylwia Kacprzak, Tilo Mathes, Radoslaw M. Kowalczyk, Lars-Oliver Essen, Peter Hegemann, Erik Schleicher, Robert Bittl.
        Light-generated Paramagnetic Intermediates in BLUF Domains.
        Photochemistry and Photobiology, 87(3):574-583, 2011.
      • Anne Botev, Lisa-Marie Munter, Ringo Wenzel, Luise Richter, Veit Althoff, Jochen Ismer, Ulla Gerling, Christoph Weise, Beate Koksch, Peter W. Hildebrand, Robert Bittl, Gerd Multhaup.
        The Amyloid Precursor Protein C-Terminal Fragment C100 Occurs in Monomeric and Dimeric Stable Conformations and Binds gamma-Secretase Modulators.
        Biochemistry, 50(5):828-835, 2011.


      • Jana B. Nieder, Robert Bittl, Marc Brecht.
        Fluorescence Studies into the Effect of Plasmonic Interactions on Protein Function.
        Angewandte Chemie Int. Ed., 49(52):10217-10220, 2010.
      • Marius Horch, Lars Lauterbach, Miguel Saggu, Peter Hildebrandt, Friedhelm Lendzian, Robert Bittl, Oliver Lenz, Ingo Zebger.
        Probing the active site of an O2-tolerant NAD+-reducing [NiFe]-hydrogenase from Ralstonia eutropha H16 by in situ EPR and FTIR spectroscopy.
        Angewandte Chemie Int. Ed., 49(43):8026-8029, 2010.
      • Richard Brosi, Boris Illarionov, Tilo Mathes, Markus Fischer, Monika Joshi, Adelbert Bacher, Peter Hegemann, Robert Bittl, Stefan Weber, Erik Schleicher.
        Hindered Rotation of a Cofactor Methyl Group as a Probe for Protein-Cofactor Interaction.
        J. Am. Chem. Soc., 132(26):8935-8944, 2010.
      • Stefan F. Haag, Anne Bechtel, Maxim E. Darvin, Frank Klein, Norbert Groth, Monika Schäfer-Korting, Robert Bittl, Jürgen Lademann, Wolfram Sterry, Martina C. Meinke.
        Comparative study of carotenoids, catalase and radical formation in human and animal skin.
        Skin Pharmacology and Physiology, 23(6):306-312, 2010.
      • Sarah Küchler, Werner Herrmann, Grazyna Panek-Minkin, Tobias Blaschke, Christian Zoschke, Klaus D. Kramer, Robert Bittl and Monika Schäfer-Korting.
        SLN for topical application in skin diseases--Characterization of drug-carrier and carrier-target interactions.
        International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 390(2):225-233, 2010.
      • Miguel Saggu, Marcus Ludwig, Bärbel Friedrich, Peter Hildebrandt, Robert Bittl, Friedhelm Lendzian, Oliver Lenz, Ingo Zebger.
        Impact of amino acid substitutions near the catalytic site on the spectral properties of an O2-tolerant membrane-bound [NiFe]-hydrogenase.
        ChemPhysChem, 11(6):1215-1224, 2010.
      • Sven Keßen, Christian Teutloff, Jan Kern, Athina Zouni, Robert Bittl.
        High-Field 2H-Mims-ENDOR spectroscopy on PSII single crystals: The Hydrogen Bonding of YD.
        ChemPhysChem, 11(6):1275-1282, 2010.
      • M. Fehr, A. Schnegg, C. Teutloff, R. Bittl, O. Astakhov, F. Finger, B. Rech, K. Lips.
        Hydrogen distribution in the vicinity of dangling bonds in hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H).
        physica status solidi (a), 207(3):552-555, 2010.
      • Miguel Saggu, Christian Teutloff, Marcus Ludwig, Marc Brecht, Maria-Eirini Pandelia, Oliver Lenz, Bärbel Friedrich, Wolfgang Lubitz, Peter Hildebrandt, Friedhelm Lendzian and Robert Bittl.
        Comparison of the membrane-bound [NiFe] hydrogenases from R. eutropha H16 and D. vulgaris Miyazaki F in the oxidized ready state by pulsed EPR.
        PCCP, 12(9):2139-2148, 2010
      • Erik Schleicher, Ringo Wenzel, Margaret Ahmad, Alfred Batschauer, Lars-Oliver Essen, Kenichi Hitomi, Elizabeth D. Getzoff, Robert Bittl, Stefan Weber, Asako Okafuji.
        The Electronic State of Flavoproteins: Investigations with Proton Electron–Nuclear Double Resonance.
        Appl. Magn. Reson., 37(1-4):339-352, 2010.


      • Christian Teutloff, Susanne Pudollek, Sven Keßen, Matthias Broser, Athina Zouni, Robert Bittl.
        Electronic structure of the tyrosine D radical and the water splitting complex from pulsed ENDOR spectroscopy on photosystem II single crystals.
        PCCP, 11(31):6715-6726, 2009.
      • Alexander Schnegg, Jan Behrends, Klaus Lips, Robert Bittl, Karsten Holldack.
        Frequency domain Fourier Transform THz-EPR on single molecule magnets using coherent synchrotron radiation.
        PCCP, 11(31):6820-6825, 2009.
      • Erik Schleicher, Robert Bittl, Stefan Weber.
        New roles of flavoproteins in molecular biology: blue-light active flavoproteins studied by electron paramagnetic resonance.
        FEBS Journal, 276(16):4290-4303, 2009.
      • Marc Brecht, Volker Radics, Jana B. Nieder, Robert Bittl.
        Protein dynamics-induced variation of excitation energy transfer pathways.
        Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (USA), 106(29):11857-11861, 2009.
      • Nithya Srinivasan, Irina Karyagina, Robert Bittl, Art van der Est, John H. Golbeck.
        Role of the Hydrogen Bond from Leu722 to the A1A Phylloquinone in Photosystem I.
        Biochemistry, 48(15):3315-3324, 2009.
      • Jana B. Nieder, Marc Brecht, Robert Bittl.
        Dynamic Intracomplex Heterogeneity of Phytochrome.
        J. Am. Chem. Soc., 131(1):69-71, 2009.



      • Marc Brecht, Hauke Studier, Jana B Nieder, Volker Radics, Robert Bittl.
        Single Molecule Spectroscopy on Photosystem I.
        In: P Hinterdorfer, G Schütz, P Pohl (ed.), Proceedings of the IX. Linz Winter Workshop 2007, in Schriftenreihe Biophysik, pages 64-68. Trauner, 2007.
      • Laurent Benisvy, Deborah Hammond, David J. Parker, E. Stephen Davies, C. David Garner, Jonathan McMaster, Claire Wilson, Frank Neese, Eberhard Bothe, Robert Bittl, Christian Teutloff.
        Insights into the nature of the hydrogen bonding of .Tyr227 in apo-galactose oxidase.
        Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry, 101(11-12):1859–1864, 2007.
      • Stefan Weber, Robert Bittl.
        Studies of Organic Protein Cofactors Using Electron Paramagnetic Resonance.
        Bull. Chem. Soc. Japan, 80(12):2270–2284, 2007.
      • Roopa Banerjee, Erik Schleicher, Stefan Meier, Rafael Muñoz Viana, Richard Pokorny, Margaret Ahmad, Robert Bittl, Alfred Batschauer.
        The Signaling State of Arabidopsis Cryptochrome 2 contains Flavin Semiquinone.
        J. Biol. Chem., 282(20):14916-14922, 2007.
      • C. Braem, T. Blaschke, G. Panek-Minkin, W. Herrmann, P. Schlupp, T. Paepenmüller, C. Müller-Goyman, W. Mehnert, R. Bittl, M. Schäfer-Korting, K. D. Kramer.
        Interaction of drug molecules with carrier systems as studied by parelectric spectroscopy and electron spin resonance.
        J. Contr. Rel., 119(1):128-135, 2007.
      • Jean-Pierre Bouly, Erik Schleicher, Maribel Dionisio-Sese, Filip Vandenbussche, Dominique Van Der Straeten, Nadia Bakrim, Stefan Meier, Alfred Batschauer, Paul Galland, Robert Bittl, Margaret Ahmad.
        Cryptochrome blue-light photoreceptors are activated through interconversion of flavin redox states.
        J. Biol. Chem., 282(13):9383-9391, 2007.
      • Marc Brecht, Hauke Studier, Alexandra F. Elli, Fedor Jelezko, Robert Bittl.
        Assignment of red antenna states in photosystem I from Thermosynechococcus elongatus by single molecule spectroscopy.
        Biochemistry, 46(3):799-806, 2007.


      • Alexander Schnegg, Asako Okafuji, Adelbert Bacher, Robert Bittl, Markus Fischer, Martin Fuchs, Peter Hegemann, Monika Joshi, Christopher W.M. Kay, Gerald Richter, Erik Schleicher, and Stefan Weber.
        Towards an identification of chemically different flavin radicals by means of their g-tensor.
        Appl. Magn. Reson., 30(3-4):345-358, 2006.
      • Christian Teutloff, Sven Keßen, Jan Kern, Athina Zouni, Robert Bittl.
        High-Field (94-GHz) EPR spectroscopy on the S2 Multiline Signal of Photosystem II.
        FEBS Letters, 580(15):3605-3609, 2006.
      • Christopher W. M. Kay, Bina Mennenga, Helmut Görisch, Robert Bittl.
        ubstrate-binding in quinoprotein ethanol dehydrogenase from Pseudomonas aeruginosa studied by electron-nuclear double resonance.
        Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 103(14):5267-5272, 2006.
      • Alexandra F. Elli, Fedor Jelezko, Carsten Tietz, Hauke Studier, Marc Brecht, Robert Bittl, Jörg Wrachtrup.
        Red pool chlorophylls of Photosystem I of the cyanobacterium Thermosynechococcus elongatus: a single molecule study.
        Biochemistry, 45(5):1454-1458, 2006.
      • Christopher W. M. Kay, Bina Mennenga, Helmut Görisch, Robert Bittl.
        Structure of the pyrroloquinoline quinone radical in quinoprotein ethanol dehydrogenase.
        J. Biol. Chem., 281(3):1470-1476, 2006.
      • Christopher W. M. Kay, Celine Elsässer, Robert Bittl, Scott R. Farrell, Colin Thorpe.
        Determination of the Distance between the Two Neutral Flavin Radicals in Augmenter of Liver Regeneration by Pulsed ELDOR.
        J. Am. Chem. Soc., 128(1):76-77, 2006.
      • Maurice van Gastel, Matthias Stein, Marc Brecht, Olga Schröder, Friedhelm Lendzian, Robert Bittl, Hideaki Ogata, Yoshiki Higuchi, Wolfgang Lubitz.
        A Single Crystal ENDOR and Density Functional Theory Study of the Oxidized States of the [NiFe] Hydrogenase from D. vulgaris Miyazaki F.
        Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry, 11(1):41-51, 2006.


      • Robert Bittl, Asako Kawamori.
        Configuration of Electron Transfer Components Studied by EPR Spectroscopy.
        In: Thomas J. Wydrzynski and Kimiyuki Satoh (ed.), Photosystem II: The Light-Driven Water:Plastoquinone Oxido-Reductase, number 22 in Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration, pages 389-402. Springer, 2005.
      • Christopher W.M. Kay, Erik Schleicher, Kenichi Hitomi, Takeshi Todo, Robert Bittl, Stefan Weber.
        A Novel Method for the Determination of the G-Matrix Orientation in Flavin Radicals by High-Field/High-Frequency Electron-Nuclear Double Resonance.
        Magn. Reson. Chem., 43:S96-S102, 2005.
      • Christian Teutloff, Kai-Oliver Schäfer, Sebastian Sinnecker, Vladimir Barynin, Robert Bittl, Karl Wieghardt, Friedhelm Lendzian, Wolfgang Lubitz.
        High-Field EPR investigations of MnIIIMnIV and MnIIMnIII states of dimanganese catalase and related model systems.
        Magn. Reson. Chem., 43(S1):S51-S64, 2005.
      • Celine Elsäßer, Bernhard Monien, Wolfgang Haehnel, Robert Bittl.
        Orientation of Spin Labels in De Novo Peptides..
        Magn. Reson. Chem., 43:S26-S33, 2005.
      • Christopher W.M. Kay, Robert Bittl, Adelbert Bacher, Gerald Richter, Stefan Weber.
        Unambiguous Determination of the g-Matrix Orientation in a Neutral Flavin Radical by Pulsed Electron-Nuclear Double Resonance at 94 GHz.
        J. Am. Chem. Soc., 127(31):10780-10781, 2005.
      • Laurent Benisvy, Robert Bittl, Eberhard Bothe, C. David Garner, Jonathan McMaster, Stephanie Ross, Christian Teutloff, Frank Neese.
        Phenoxyl Radicals Hydrogen-Bonded to Imidazolium: Analogues of Tyrosyl D. of Photosystem II: High-Field EPR and DFT Studies.
        Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 44(33):5314-5317, 2005.
      • A. Kawamori, T-A. Ono, A. Ishii, S. Nakazawa, H. Hara, T. Tomo, J. Minagawa, R. Bittl, S.A. Dzuba.
        The functional sites of chlorophylls in D1 and D2 subunits of Photosystem II identified by pulsed EPR.
        Photosynthesis Research, 84(1):187-192, 2005.
      • Christopher W. M. Kay, Bina Mennenga, Helmut Görisch, Robert Bittl.
        Substrate-Binding in Quinoprotein Ethanol Dehydrogenase from Pseudomonas aeruginosa Studied by Electron Paramagnetic Resonance at 94 GHz.
        J. Am. Chem. Soc., 127(22):7974-7975, 2005.
      • Robert Bittl, Stefan Weber.
        Transient radical pairs studied by time-resolved EPR.
        Biochim. Biophys. Acta (Bioenergetics), 1707(1):117-126, 2005.
      • Stefan Weber, Christopher W. M. Kay, Adelbert Bacher, Gerald Richter, Robert Bittl.
        Probing the N(5)-H Bond of the Isoalloxazine Moiety of Flavin Radicals by X- and W-Band Pulsed Electron-Nuclear Double Resonance.
        ChemPhysChem, 6(2):292-299, 2005.
      • Celine Elsaesser, Marc Brecht, and Robert Bittl.
        Treatment of spin-coupled metal-centers in pulsed electron-electron double resonance experiments.
        Biochem. Soc. Trans., 33(1):15-19, 2005.
      • Friedhelm Lendzian and Robert Bittl.
        Probing Photoexcited Triplet States in Photosynthesis by Pulsed ENDOR Spectroscopy.
        SpinReport 156:9-13, 2005.


      • Radoslaw M. Kowalczyk, Erik Schleicher, Robert Bittl, Stefan Weber.
        The Photo-Induced Triplet of Flavins and its Protonation States.
        J. Am. Chem. Soc., 126(36):11393-11399, 2004.
      • Erik Schleicher, Radoslaw M. Kowalczyk, Christopher W. M. Kay, Peter Hegemann, Adelbert Bacher, Markus Fischer, Robert Bittl, Gerald Richter, Stefan Weber.
        On the Reaction Mechanism of Adduct Formation in LOV Domains of the Plant Blue-Light Receptor Phototropin.
        J. Am. Chem. Soc., 126(35):11067-11076, 2004.
      • C. Teutloff, R. Bittl, and W. Lubitz.
        Pulse ENDOR Studies on the Radical Pair P700+A1- and the Photoaccumulated Quinone Acceptor A1- of Photosystem I.
        Appl. Magn. Reson., 26(1-2):5-21, 2004.
      • Christopher W. M. Kay, Bina Mennenga, Helmut Görisch, Robert Bittl.
        Characterisation of the PQQ-cofactor radical in quinoprotein ethanol dehydrogenase of Pseudomonas aeruginosa by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy.
        FEBS Letters, 564(1):69-72, 2004.


      • Michael Kammel, Jan Kern, Wolfgang Lubitz, Robert Bittl.
        Photosystem II single crystals studied by transient EPR: the light-induced triplet state.
        Biochim. Biophys. Acta (Bioenergetics), 1605(1):47-54, 2003.
      • Friedhelm Lendzian, Robert Bittl, Alison Telfer, Wolfgang Lubitz.
        Hyperfine structure of the photoexcited triplet state 3P680 in plant PS II reaction centers as determined by pulse ENDOR spectroscopy.
        Biochim. Biophys. Acta (Bioenergetics), 1605(1):35-46, 2003.
      • Wu Xu, Parag Chitnis, Alfia Valieva, Art van der Est, Julia N. Pushkar, Maceij Krzystyniak, Christian Teutloff, Stephan G. Zech, Robert Bittl, Dietmar Stehlik, Boris Zybailov, Gaozhong Shen, John H. Golbeck.
        Electron transfer in cyanobacterial photosystem I: I. Physiological and spectroscopic characterizatin of site-directed mutants in a putative electron transfer pathway from A0 through A1 to FX.
        J. Biol. Chem., 278(30):27864-27875, 2003.
      • Robert Bittl, Christopher W. M. Kay, Stefan Weber, Peter Hegemann.
        Characterization of a Flavin Radical Product in a C57M Mutant of a LOV1 Domain by Electron Paramagnetic Resonance.
        Biochemistry, 42(28):8506-8512, 2003.
      • Kai-Oliver Schäfer, Robert Bittl, Friedhelm Lendzian, Vladimir Barynin, Thomas Weyhermüller, Karl Wieghardt, Wolfgang Lubitz.
        Multifrequency EPR Investigation of Dimanganese Catalase and Related Mn(III)Mn(IV) Complexes.
        J. Phys. Chem. B, 107(5):1242-1250, 2003.


      • Celine Elsässer, Marc Brecht, Robert Bittl.
        Pulsed Electron-Electron Double Resonance on Multi-Nuclear Metal Clusters: Assignment of Spin Projection Factors Based on the Dipolar Interaction.
        J. Am. Chem. Soc., 124(42):12606-12611, 2002.
      • M. R. Fuchs, E. Schleicher, A. Schnegg, C. W. M. Kay, J. T. Törring, R. Bittl, A. Bacher, G. Richter, K. Möbius, S. Weber.
        The g-Tensor of the Neutral Flavin Radical Cofactor of DNA Photolyase Revealed by 360-GHz Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopy.
        J. Phys. Chem. B, 106(34):8885-8890, 2002.
      • Catherine Fursman, Christian Teutloff, Robert Bittl.
        Pulsed ENDOR studies of short-lived spin-correlated radical pairs in photosynthetic reaction centres.
        J. Phys. Chem. B, 106(37):9679-9686, 2002.
      • Gaozhong Shen, Mikhail L. Antonkine, Art van der Est, Ilya R. Vassiliev, Klaus Brettel, Robert Bittl, Stephan Zech, Jindong Zhao, Dietmar Stehlik, Donald A. Bryant, John H. Golbeck.
        Assembly of photosystem I. II. Rubredoxin is required for the in vivo assembly of FX in Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002 as shown by optical and EPR spectroscopy.
        J. Biol. Chem., 277:20355-20366, 2002.
      • Wolfgang Lubitz, Friedhelm Lendzian, Robert Bittl.
        Radicals, Radical Pairs and Triplet States in Photosynthesis.
        Acc. Chem. Res., 35(5):313-320, 2002.
      • Yumiko Sakuragi, Boris Zybailov, Gaozhong Shen, A. Daniel Jones, Parag R. Chitnis, Art van der Est, Robert Bittl, Stephan Zech, Dietmar Stehlik, John H. Golbeck, Donald A. Bryant.
        Insertional Inactivation of the menG Gene, Encoding 2-Phytyl-1,4-Naphthoquinone Methyltransferase of Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803, Results in the Incorporation of 2-Phytyl-1,4-Naphthoquinone into the A1 Site and Alteration of t.
        Biochemistry, 41(1):394-405, 2002.


      • C. Teutloff, W. Hofbauer, S. G. Zech, M. Stein, Robert Bittl, and Wolfgang Lubitz.
        High-Frequency EPR Studies on Cofactor Radicals in Photosystem I.
        Appl. Magn. Reson., 21(3-4):363-379, 2001.
      • Günther Bleifuss, Matthias Kolberg, Stephan Pötsch, Wulf Hofbauer, Robert Bittl, Wolfgang Lubitz, Astrid Gräslund, Günter Lassmann, Friedhelm Lendzian.
        Tryptophan and Tyrosine Radicals in Ribonucleotide Reductase: A Comparative High-Field EPR Study at 94 GHz.
        Biochemistry, 40(50):15362-15368, 2001.
      • Robert Bittl, Stephan G. Zech.
        Pulsed EPR spectroscopy on short-lived intermediates in Photosystem I.
        Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1507(1):194-211, 2001.
      • T. Wade Johnson, Boris Zybailov, A. Daniel Jones, Robert Bittl, Stephan Zech, Dietmar Stehlik, John H. Golbeck, Parag Chitnis.
        Recruitment of a Foreign Quinone into the A1 Site of Photosystem I. In Vivo Replacement of Plastoquinone-9 by Media-Supplemented Naphthoquinones in Phylloquinone Biosynthetic Pathway Mutants of Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803..
        J. Biol. Chem., 276(43):39512-39521, 2001.
      • M. Fahnenschmidt, R. Bittl, E. Schlodder, W. Haehnel, W. Lubitz.
        Characterization of De Novo Synthesized Four-Helix Bundle Proteins with Metalloporphyrin Cofactors.
        Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 3(18):4082-4090, 2001.
      • Brent Boudreaux, Fraser MacMillan, Christian Teutloff, Rufat Agalarov, Feifei Gu, Stéfane Grimaldi, Robert Bittl, Klaus Brettel, Kevin Redding.
        Mutations in both sides of the Photosystem I reaction center identify the phylloquinone observed by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy.
        J. Biol. Chem., 276(40):37299-37306, 2001.
      • C. E. Fursman, R. Bittl, S. G. Zech, P. J. Hore.
        95 GHz ESEEM of radical pairs: a source of radical separations and relative orientations.
        Chem. Phys. Letters, 342(1):162-168, 2001.
      • W. Hofbauer, A. Zouni, R. Bittl, J. Kern, P. Orth, F. Lendzian, P. Fromme, H. T. Witt, W. Lubitz.
        Photosystem II single crystals studied by high frequency EPR spectroscopy at 94 GHz: the tyrosine radical YD.
        Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 98(12):6623-6628, 2001.
      • Robert Bittl, Eberhard Schlodder, Irene Geisenheimer, Wolfgang Lubitz, Richard J. Cogdell.
        Transient EPR and absorption studies of carotenoid triplet formation in purple bacterial antenna complexes.
        J. Phys. Chem. B, 105(23):5525-5535, 2001.


      • Wulf Hofbauer, Robert Bittl.
        A Novel Approach to Separating EPR Lines arising from Species with Different Transition Moments.
        J. Magn. Reson., 147(2):226-231, 2000.
      • Richard J. Cogdell, Tina D. Howard, Robert Bittl, Eberhard Schlodder, Irene Geisenheimer, Wolfgang Lubitz.
        How carotenoids protect bacterial photosynthesis.
        Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B, 355(1402):1345-1349, 2000.
      • Stephan G. Zech, Wulf Hofbauer, Andreas Kamlowski, Petra Fromme, Dietmar Stehlik, Wolfgang Lubitz, Robert Bittl.
        A Structural Model for the Charge Separated State P700+A1- in Photosystem I from the Orientation of the Magnetic Interaction Tensors.
        J. Phys. Chem. B, 104(41):9728-9739, 2000.
      • F. Jelezko, C. Tietz, U. Gerken, J. Wrachtrup, R. Bittl.
        Single Molecule Spectroscopy on Photosystem I Pigment-Protein Complexes.
        J. Phys. Chem. B, 104(34):8093-8096, 2000.
      • R. Calvo, E. C. Abresch, R. Bittl, G. Feher, W. Hofbauer, R. A. Isaacson, W. Lubitz, M. Y. Okamura, M. l. Paddock.
        EPR Study of the Molecular and Electronic Structure of the Biradical QA-QB- in Reaction Centers from Rb. Sphaeroides.
        J. Am. Chem. Soc., 122(30):7327-7341, 2000.
      • M. Fahnenschmidt, R. Bittl, H. K. Rau, W. Haehnel, W. Lubitz.
        Electron Paramagnetic Resonance and Electron Nuclear Double Resonance Spectroscopy of a Heme Protein Maquette.
        Chem. Phys. Letters, 323(3):329-339, 2000.
      • Boris Zybailov, Art van der Est, Stephan G. Zech, Christian Teutloff, T. Wade Johnson, Gaozhong Shen, Robert Bittl, Dietmar Stehlik, Parag Chitnis, John H. Golbeck.
        Recruitment of a Foreign Quinone into the A1 Site of Photosystem I: II. Structural and Functional Characterization of Phylloquinone Biosynthetic Pathway Mutants by EPR and ENDOR Spectroscopy.
        J. Biol. Chem., 275(12):8531, 2000.


      • A. T. Gardiner, S. G. Zech, F. MacMillan, H. Käß, R. Bittl, E. Schlodder, F. Lendzian, W. Lubitz.
        EPR Studies of Zn-Substituted Reaction Centers from Rhodopseudomonas viridis.
        Biochemistry, 38(36):11773-11787, 1999.
      • M. Fahnenschmidt, H. K. Rau, R. Bittl, W. Haehnel, W. Lubitz.
        Characterization of De Novo Designed Heme Proteins by EPR and ENDOR Spectroscopy.
        Chem. Eur. J., 5(8):2327-2334, 1999.
      • Stephan G. Zech, Jens Kurreck, Gernot Renger, Wolfgang Lubitz, Robert Bittl.
        Determination of the distance between YZox and QA- in photosystem II by pulsed EPR spectroscopy on light-induced radical pairs.
        FEBS Letters, 441(1):79-82, 1999.


      • Christian Teutloff, Fraser MacMillan, Robert Bittl, Friedhelm Lendzian, Wolfgang Lubitz.
        A comparative Study of A1- in PS I from Cyanobacteria, Green Plants and Algae using EPR and ENDOR Spectroscopy.
        In: G. Garab (ed.), Photosynthesis: Mechanisms and Effects, pages 607-610. Kluwer, 1998.
      • F. Lendzian, R. Bittl, A. Telfer, J. Barber, W. Lubitz.
        Time-Resolved ENDOR of the Triplet State of P680 in PS II Reaction Centers.
        In: G. Garab (ed.), Photosynthesis: Mechanisms and Effects, pages 1057-1060. Kluwer, 1998.
      • Robert Bittl, Stephan G. Zech, Christian Teutloff, Ludwig Krabben, Wolfgang Lubitz.
        Structural Information on Components of the Electron Transfer Chain in Photosystem I from Time-resolved EPR Spectroscopy.
        In: G. Garab (ed.), Photosynthesis: Mechanisms and Effects, pages 509-514. Kluwer, 1998.
      • Kai-Oliver Schäfer, Robert Bittl, Wolfgang Zweygart, Friedhelm Lendzian, Gabriele Haselhorst, Thomas Weyhermüller, Karl Wieghardt, Wolfgang Lubitz.
        Electronic Structure of Antiferromagnetically Coupled Dinuclear Manganese (MnIIIMnIV) Complexes Studied by Magnetic Resonance Techniques.
        J. Am. Chem. Soc., 120(50):13104-13120, 1998.
      • Andreas Kamlowski, Brigitte Altenberg-Greulich, Arthur van der Est, Stephan G. Zech, Robert Bittl, Petra Fromme, Wolfgang Lubitz, Dietmar Stehlik.
        The Quinone Acceptor A1 in Photosystem I: Binding Site, and Comparison to QA in Purple Bacterial Reaction Centers.
        J. Phys. Chem. B, 102(42):8278-8287, 1998.
      • Andreas Kamlowski, Stephan G. Zech, Petra Fromme, Robert Bittl, Wolfgang Lubitz, Horst T. Witt, Dietmar Stehlik.
        The Radical Pair State P700+A1- in Photosystem I Single Crystals: Orientation Dependence of the Transient Spin-Polarized EPR Spectra.
        J. Phys. Chem. B, 102(42):8266-8277, 1998.
      • Gunnar Jeschke, Robert Bittl.
        Electron spin echo envelope modulation by electronic spin-spin interactions in radical pairs undergoing electron transfer.
        Chem. Phys. Letters, 294(4):323-331, 1998.
      • Friedhelm Lendzian, Robert Bittl, Wolfgang Lubitz.
        Pulsed ENDOR Study of the Photoexcited Triplet States of Bacteriochlorophyll a and of the Primary Donor P865 in Reaction Centers of Rhodobacter Sphaeroides R-26.
        Photosynthesis Research, 55(2):189-197, 1998.
      • Wulf Hofbauer, Robert Bittl.
        EPR at 94 GHz of Laser-Induced Species in an ELEXSYS E680 Spectrometer.
        BRUKER Report, 145:38-39, 1998.


      • Stephan G. Zech, Robert Bittl, Alastair T. Gardiner, and Wolfgang Lubitz.
        Transient and Pulsed EPR Spectroscopy on the Radical Pair State P865+QA- to Study Light-Induced Changes in Bacterial Reaction Centers.
        Appl. Magn. Reson., 13(3-4):517-529, 1997.
      • Stephan G. Zech, Jens Kurreck, Hann-Jörg Eckert, Gernot Renger, Wolfgang Lubitz, Robert Bittl.
        Pulsed EPR measurement of the Distance between P680+ and QA- in Photosystem II.
        FEBS Letters, 414(2):454-456, 1997.
      • Robert Bittl, Stephan G. Zech, P. Fromme, Horst T. Witt, Wolfgang Lubitz.
        Pulsed EPR structure analysis of photosystem I single crystals: Localisation of the phylloquinone acceptor.
        Biochemistry, 36(40):12001-12004, 1997.
      • W. Lubitz, R. Fiege, R. Bittl, K.-D. Irrgang, G. Renger.
        EPR and ENDOR Investigations of the Manganese Cluster in Photosystem II.
        In: A. X. Trautwein (ed.), Bioinorganic Chemistry: Transition Metals in Biology and their Coordination Chemistry, pages 673-680. VCH Publishers, 1997.
      • W. Lubitz, W. Zweygart, R. Bittl, K. Wieghardt, G. Haselhorst, T. Weyhermüller.
        EPR and ENDOR Investigations of the Dinuclear Manganese Complexes as Models for the Water Oxidizing Unit in Photosynthesis.
        In: A. X. Trautwein (ed.), Bioinorganic Chemistry: Transition Metals in Biology and their Coordination Chemistry, pages 665-672. VCH Publishers, 1997.
      • Stephan G. Zech, Arthur van der Est, Robert Bittl.
        Measurement of the distance between P700+ and A1- in native and quinone substituted photosystem I using pulsed EPR spectroscopy.
        Biochemistry, 36(32):9774-9779, 1997.
      • A. van der Est, T. F. Prisner, R. Bittl, P. Fromme, W. Lubitz, K. Möbius, and D. Stehlik.
        Time-resolved X-, K- and W-band EPR of the radical pair state P700+A1- of photosystem I in comparison with P865+ and QA- in bacterial reaction centers.
        J. Phys. Chem. B, 101(8):1437-1443, 1997.
      • Robert Bittl and Stephan G. Zech.
        Pulsed EPR study of spin coupled radical pairs in photosynthetic reaction centers: Measurement of the distance between P700+ and A1- in photosystem I and between P865+ and QA- in bacterial reaction centers.
        J. Phys. Chem. B, 101(8):1429-1436, 1997.


      • Stephan G. Zech, Wolfgang Lubitz, Robert Bittl.
        Pulsed EPR Experiments on Radical Pairs in Photosynthesis: Comparison of Donor-Acceptor Distances in Photosystem I and Bacterial Reaction Centers.
        Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem., 100(12):2041-2044, 1996.
      • W. Zweygart, R. Bittl, K. Wieghardt, W. Lubitz.
        EPR and 55Mn cw-ENDOR Study of an Antiferromagnetically Coupled Dinuclear Manganese (MnIIIMnIV) Complex.
        Chem. Phys. Letters, 261(3):272-276, 1996.
      • Friedhelm Lendzian, Margareta Sahlin, Fraser MacMillan, Robert Bittl, Stephan Pötsch, Britt-Marie Sjöberg, Astrid Gräslund, Wolfgang Lubitz, Günter Lassmann.
        Electronic Structure of Neutral Tryptophan Radicals in Ribonucleotid Reductase Studied by EPR and ENDOR Spectroscopy.
        J. Am. Chem. Soc., 118(34):8111-8120, 1996.
      • Robert Fiege, Wolfgang Zweygart, Robert Bittl, Noam Adir, Gernot Renger, Wolfgang Lubitz.
        EPR and ENDOR studies of the water oxidizing complex of photosystem II.
        Photosynthesis Research, 48(1):227-237, 1996.
      • Robert Bittl, Stephan G. Zech, Wolfgang Lubitz.
        Light-induced changes in transient EPR spectra of P865+QA-.
        In: M.-E. Michel-Beyerle (ed.), The Reaction Center of Photosynthetic Bacteria - Structure and Dynamics, pages 333-339. Springer, 1996.
      • Alistair Gardiner, Hanno Käß, Stephan G. Zech, Robert Bittl, Fraser MacMillan, Friedhelm Lendzian, Wolfgang Lubitz.
        EPR and ESEEM of QA- and transient EPR of P960+QA- in Zn-substituted reaction centers from Rps. viridis.
        Biophysical J., 70(2):11a, 1996.
      • Alexander Angerhofer, Robert Bittl.
        Radicals and radical pairs in photosynthesis (invited review).
        Photochem. Photobiol., 63(1):11-38, 1996.


      • A. T. Gardiner, F. Lendzian, F. MacMillan, S. G. Zech, R. Bittl, M. Kuhn, W. Lubitz.
        EPR Characterization of QA- from Biosynthetically and Chemically Substituted Zn(II) Reaction Centers from Rhodobacter sphaeroides and Rhodopseudomonas viridis.
        In: P. Mathis (ed.), Photosynthesis: From Light to Biosphere, pages 655-658. Kluwer, 1995.
      • Thomas F. Prisner, Art van der Est, Robert Bittl, Wolfgang Lubitz, Dietmar Stehlik, Klaus Möbius.
        Time-resolved W-band (95 GHz) EPR spectroscopy of Zn-substituted reaction centers of Rhodobacter sphaeroides R-26..
        Chem. Phys., 194(2):361-370, 1995.


      • Robert Bittl, Arthur van der Est, Andreas Kamlowski, Wolfgang Lubitz, Dietmar Stehlik.
        Time-resolved EPR of the radical pair P865+QA- in bacterial reaction centers: Observation of transient nutations, quantum beats and envelope modulation effects..
        Chem. Phys. Letters, 226(3):349-358, 1994.


      • Robert Bittl.
        Matrix elements of spin operators in exchange coupled tetrameric metal clusters.
        Chem. Phys. Letters, 215(4):279-284, 1993.
      • A. van der Est, R. Bittl, E. C. Abresch, W. Lubitz, D. Stehlik.
        Transient EPR spectroscopy of perdeuterated Zn-substituted reaction centres of Rhodobacter sphaeroides R-26..
        Chem. Phys. Letters, 212(6):561-568, 1993.
      • Georg Füchsle, Robert Bittl, Arthur van der Est, Wolfgang Lubitz, Dietmar Stehlik.
        Transient EPR spectroscopy of the charge separated state P+Q- in photosynthetic reaction centers. Comparison of Zn-substituted Rhodobacter sphaeroides R-26 and photosystem I..
        Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1142(1):23-35, 1993.


      • Robert Bittl, Art v. d. Est, Georg Füchsle, Wolfgang Lubitz, Dietmar Stehlik.
        Transient EPR of Photosynthetic Reaction Centers: Structural Information on the Radical Pair P+Q- in Zn-substituted Rhodobacter sphaeroides and Photosystem I..
        In: N. Murata (ed.), Research in Photosynthesis, pages 461-464. Kluwer, 1992.
      • Robert Bittl, Art v. d. Est, Georg Füchsle, Dietmar Stehlik, Wolfgang Lubitz.
        Transient EPR of the P+Q- state in photosynthetic reaction centers. Comparison of photosystem I and Zn-substituted Rb. Sphaeroides R-26..
        Biophysical J., 61(2):478a, 1992.


      • Gerd Kothe, Stefan Weber, Robert Bittl, Ernst Ohmes, Marion C. Thurnauer, James R. Norris.
        Transient EPR of light-induced radical pairs in plant photosystem I: Observation of quantum beats.
        Chem. Phys. Letters, 186(6):474-480, 1991.
      • Gerd Kothe, Stefan Weber, Robert Bittl, James R. Norris, Seth S. Snyder, Jau Tang, Marion C. Thurnauer, Andrea L. Morris, Richard R. Rustandi, Zhiyu Wang.
        The role of spin chemistry in the primary events of photosynthesis.
        In: Y. J. I'Haya (ed.), Spin Chemistry, in The Oji International Conference on Spin Chemistry, Oji, Japan, pages 420-434. , 1991.
      • Robert Bittl, Gerd Kothe.
        Transient EPR of radical pairs in photosynthetic reaction centers: Prediction of quantum beats.
        Chem. Phys. Letters, 177(6):547-553, 1991.





      • Klaus Schulten, Robert Bittl.
        Study of polymer dynamics by magnetic field-dependent biradical reactions.
        In: G. Maret, N. Boccara, J. Kiepenheuer (ed.), Biophysical Effects of Steady Magnetic Fields, number 11 in Springer Proceedings in Physics, pages 90-98. Springer, 1986.
      • Klaus Schulten, Robert Bittl.
        Probing the dynamics of a polymer with paramagnetic end groups by magnetic fields.
        J. Chem. Phys., 84(9):5155-5161, 1986.


      • R. Bittl, H. Treutlein, K. Schulten.
        Electron conduction along aliphatic chains..
        In: M. E. Michel-Beyerle (ed.), Antennas and Reaction Centers of Photosynthetic Bacteria - Structure, Interaction and Dynamics, pages 264-276. Springer, 1985.



      • C. W. M Kay, E. Schleicher, R. Bittl, A. Bacher, K. Hitomi, T. Ishikawa, T. Todo, S. Weber.
        The g-tensor of neutral flavin radicals.
        In: T. Nishino, R. Miura, M. Tanokura, K. Fukui(ed.), Flavins and Flavoproteins 2005, pages 601–606. ARchiTect Inc, 2005.
      • E. Schleicher, R.M. Kowalczyk, C. W. M. Kay, G. Richter, A. Bacher, R. Bittl, S. Weber.
        Direct EPR-observation of the photo-induced triplet state of flavin mononucleotide.
        In: Nishino, T., Miura, R., Tanokura, M., Fukui, K.(ed.), Flavins and Flavoproteins 2005, pages 623–628. ARchiTect Inc, 2005.


      • M Brecht, M Stein, O Trofanchuck, F Lenditian, R Bittl, Y Higuchi, W Lubitz.
        Catalytic Center of the [NiFe] Hydrogenase: A Pulse ENDOR and ESEEM Study.
        In: Magnetic Resonance and Related Phenomena , pages 818-819. TU Berlin, 1998.