Berufungsvortrag Dr. Igor Schapiro

10.06.2014 | 11:00 - 11:45

Zur Umsetzung der Ziele im Rahmen der Exzellenzinitiative mit ihrem Zukunftskonzept "International Network University" dient die Einrichtung einer Universitätsprofessur "Theoretische Molekulare Biophysik"  

 

Abstract zum Vortrag 

 

Understanding Isomerization in Retinal Proteins: Insight from QM/MM Simulations.

Igor Schapiro

The primary event of vision in the vertebrate eye is the highly selective and efficient photoisomerization of 11-cis-retinal protonated Schiff base (RPSB) bound to the visual protein rhodopsin (Rh). With a ~100% selectivity, ~65% quantum yield, and ~200 fs product appearance time, this isomerization is considered the archetype of a photochemical reaction optimized by nature to achieve a specific molecular response.

 

Recently, we have used a combination of a quantum chemical and a classical force field method (QM/MM) to resolve the isomerization mechanism for the RPSB chromophore in Rh[1]. Important stereoelectronic factors were found that determine the outcome of the photo-isomerization. The same protocol was also applied to investigate the photochemical mechanism of the newly discovered Anabaena Sensory Rhodopsin[2] and of a biomimetic molecular switch that works in solution[3].

 

Using the same computational protocol we have also studied the ground state (thermal) isomerization.[4] The results of the simulations explain the molecular mechanism of thermal noise in rod photoreceptors and make a direct link to experimentally found correlations.

 

References

[1] Schapiro I, Ryazantsev M N, Frutos L M, Ferré N, Lindh R, Olivucci M. J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2011), 133, 3354.

[2] Schapiro I, Ruhman S. Biochim Biophys Acta. (2014), 1837, 589.

[3] Léonard J, Schapiro I, Briand J, Fusi S, Paccani R R, Olivucci M, Haacke S. Chem. Eur. J. (2012), 18, 15296.

[4] Gozem S, Schapiro I, Ferré N, Olivucci M. Science (2012), 33, 6099.

Zeit & Ort

10.06.2014 | 11:00 - 11:45

FB Raum 1.1.16, Arnimallee 14, 14195 Berlin